“An Expedition to Heal the Wounds of War”

  title={“An Expedition to Heal the Wounds of War”},
  author={Matthew Stanley},
  pages={57 - 89}
  • M. Stanley
  • Published 1 March 2003
  • Political Science
  • Isis
The 1919 eclipse expedition’s confirmation of general relativity is often celebrated as a triumph of scientific internationalism. However, British scientific opinion during World War I leaned toward the permanent severance of intellectual ties with Germany. That the expedition came to be remembered as a progressive moment of internationalism was largely the result of the efforts of A. S. Eddington. A devout Quaker, Eddington imported into the scientific community the strategies being used by… 

Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics

The 1919 British astronomical expedition led by Arthur Stanley Eddington to observe the deflection of starlight by the sun, as predicted by Einstein’s relativistic theory of gravitation, is a

The Local versus the Global in the history of relativity: The case of Belgium

The local attitudes of conservative Belgian Catholic scientists and philosophers exemplify a global pattern: while critics of relativity feared to become marginalized by the scientific, political, and cultural revolutions that Einstein and his theory were taken to represent, supporters sympathized with these revolutions.

The Local versus the Global in the history of relativity: The case of Belgium

This article contributes to a global history of relativity, by exploring how Einstein’s theory was appropriated in Belgium. This may sound like a contradiction in terms, yet the

Astronomical Fieldwork and the Spaces of Relativity: The Historical Geographies of the 1919 British Eclipse Expeditions to Príncipe and Brazil

abstract:This paper looks at the British eclipse expeditions to Brazil and Príncipe of May 1919, which were undertaken to find proof of Einstein's general theory of relativity by measuring the

Einstein, Bergson, and the Experiment that Failed: Intellectual Cooperation at the League of Nations

On April 6, 1922, Henri Bergson and Albert Einstein met at the Societe francaise de philosophie in Paris to discuss the meaning of relativity. In the years that followed, the philosopher and the

Einstein in Portugal: Eddington's expedition to Principe and the reactions of Portuguese astronomers (1917–25)

Abstract Among various case studies addressing the reception of relativity, very few deal with Portugal at either the international or the national level. The national literature on the topic has

Science Outside Academies: An Italian Case of “Scientific Mediation”—From Joule’s Seminal Experience to Lucio Lombardo Radice’s Contemporary Attempt

Starting from the seminal experience of James Prescott Joule, this paper aims to debate the possibility of “making” science outside universities and academies. Joule himself studied as an autodidact

Stabilizing American Society: Kenneth Boulding and the Integration of the Social Sciences, 1943–1980

Argument For more than thirty years after World War II, the unconventional economist Kenneth E. Boulding (1910–1993) was a fervent advocate of the integration of the social sciences. Building on

How to manage a revolution: Isaac Newton in the early twentieth century

  • Imogen Clarke
  • Physics
    Notes and Records: the Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
  • 2014
In the first half of the twentieth century, dramatic developments in physics came to be viewed as revolutionary, apparently requiring a complete overthrow of previous theories. British physicists




General Relativity -- Einstein’s theory of gravitation -- is at once the most far-reaching and least tested of physical theories. When Einstein advanced it in 1915 he suggested three tests, that is,

The Dilemmas of an Upright Man: Max Planck as Spokesman for German Science

Inevitably, reading is one of the requirements to be undergone. To improve the performance and quality, someone needs to have something new every day. It will suggest you to have more inspirations,

Alien Influence in England

  • Contemp. Rev
  • 1919

A more detailed account of Jonckheere's escape is given ibid

    See also Dyson Papers 123. For an interesting electromagnetic explanation see H. A. Wilson, Physical Review, 1921, 17:54. For more competing explanations for the deflection see Donald Moyer

    • Monthly Notices Roy. Astron. Soc
    • 1919

    forthcoming in the British Journal for the History of Science. I thank Sponsel for many valuable conversations and helpful criticism

      Eclipse Test of General Relativity

      • On the Path of Albert Einstein
      • 1979

      Eddington's strategy for presenting relativity to the media and the public was carefully planned and began well before the November joint meeting. This is dealt with in detail in Alistair Sponsel

      • Contemporary Review

      Einstein Archives, ALS 9-264; and E. B. Ludlam to Einstein

      • History of the RAS