“An Enemy, I suppose, that Nature has made”: Charlotte Smith and the natural enemy

@article{GurtonWachter2009AnEI,
  title={“An Enemy, I suppose, that Nature has made”: Charlotte Smith and the natural enemy},
  author={Lily Gurton-Wachter},
  journal={European Romantic Review},
  year={2009},
  volume={20},
  pages={197 - 205}
}
This essay traces the history of the expression “natural enemy,” and finds the most rigorous, though subtle, investigation of the term in Charlotte Smith's final poem of 1807, Beachy Head. Joining John Thelwall's attempt to critique the popular British epithet for France by questioning its claim about “nature,” Smith begins her final “nature poem” with a figure keeping watch from the historic military site of Beachy Head, a site rife with anxiety about a possible French invasion. What emerges… 
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