“All America Is a Prison”: The Nation of Islam and the Politicization of African American Prisoners, 1955–1965

  title={“All America Is a Prison”: The Nation of Islam and the Politicization of African American Prisoners, 1955–1965},
  author={Zoe Colley},
  journal={Journal of American Studies},
  pages={393 - 415}
  • Z. Colley
  • Published 8 August 2013
  • History, Law
  • Journal of American Studies
This article examines the rise of the Nation of Islam (NOI) within America's penal system during the late 1950s and the 1960s. In doing so, it explores the reasons for the NOI's appeal among African American prisoners, its contribution to the politicization of those prisoners, the responses of penal, state and federal authorities to the proliferation of prison mosques, and the way in which imprisoned Black Muslims' campaign for freedom of religious expression established the legal groundwork… 
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