“Adverse Forces” in the Brazilian Amazon: Developmentalism Versus Environmentalism and Indigenous Rights

  title={“Adverse Forces” in the Brazilian Amazon: Developmentalism Versus Environmentalism and Indigenous Rights},
  author={Andr{\'e}a Zhouri},
  journal={The Journal of Environment \& Development},
  pages={252 - 273}
  • Andréa Zhouri
  • Published 2010
  • Political Science
  • The Journal of Environment & Development
Since the 1970s, the ghost of an “international conspiracy” to occupy the Brazilian Amazon has emerged against the backdrop of shifting social and political realities. This article looks at how Brazilian political elites and military forces have influenced national interpretations of environmentalism and indigenous peoples’ rights. It considers the formation of long-standing images and ideas perpetuated through economic plans like Avança Brasil , Growth Accelerated Program (PAC), and the… Expand
Indigenous Peoples, Traditional Communities and the Environment: The ‘Territorial Question’ Under the New Developmentalist Agenda in Brazil
Laschefski and Zhouri analyze the consequences of the ‘new era of developmentalism’ introduced by the Brazilian center-left government (2003–2016) on indigenous peoples and traditional communities.Expand
Amazonia: Indigenous and Environmental Setbacks in Brazil
This chapter critically examines the situation of the indigenous populations vis-a-vis their lands and ethnic rights. It addresses the environmental federal public policies in the Brazilian Amazon inExpand
Environmental justice as a (potentially) hegemonic concept: a historical look at competing interests between the MST and indigenous people in Brazil
ABSTRACT This article explores the need to recognise and compensate the plurality of environmental justice claims, while paying close attention to the outcomes of the most marginalised groups –Expand
Ordenamento Territorial: Neo-developmentalism and the struggle for territory in the lower Brazilian Amazon
In this paper, I explore the tensions and conflicts arising from the territorial re-organization of western Pará state in the Brazilian Amazon associated with the paving of the Santarém–CuiabaExpand
The Shift in the Discourse About a Free Trade Area in the Brazilian Amazon: From Progress to Ecological Modernization
University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, Brazil The Manaus Free Trade Area (ZFM) will end in 2023, but there is a proposal to amend the Brazilian Federal Constitution so that it lasts until 2073.Expand
Passive revolution in the green economy: activism and the Belo Monte dam
  • E. Bratman
  • Sociology
  • International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
  • 2014
The paper offers an analysis of the historical, material, and ideational factors involved in shifting socio-environmental activism dynamics in Brazil, with a focus on the Belo Monte hydroelectric damExpand
Dammed and diversionary: The multi-dimensional framing of Brazil's Belo Monte dam
Belo Monte is one of the most divisive dams in Brazilian history, becoming entangled in a thirty-year struggle between pro- and anti-dam interests over the role of the facility within a complex webExpand
Environmental Discourses and Discourse Coalitions in the Reconfiguration of Peru's Environmental Governance
Environmental discourses are considered precursors to policy decisions as they delimit the range of policy options. The mass media are an important arena for those discourses and the discourseExpand
Territoriality and Power in Manu
In this chapter we analyse the political forces that underlie and reinforce the ‘enchantments of infrastructure’ in Manu. First we present Eduardo’s ethnographic accounts, which provide insights intoExpand
Neo-mercantilist Capitalism and Post-2008 Cleavages in Economic Decision-making Power in Brazil
Abstract The 2008 subprime crisis led to a global wave of bailouts and other political-economic measures by governments. These moves were seen as the rise of a new statism. Emerging giants, such asExpand


Alienated targets military discourse and the disempowerment of indigenous Amazonian peoples in Venezuela
In June through August of 1984, a dispute over land tenure between the Piaroa, an indigenous Amazonian people, and a wealthy Venezuelan colonist escalated from a local conflict into a nationalExpand
Global–Local Amazon Politics
The Amazon rainforest is one of the most important topics of transnational activism. Based on the assumption that the consumption of timber in the Northern hemisphere is largely responsible forExpand
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
What makes people love and die for nations, as well as hate and kill in their name? While many studies have been written on nationalist political movements, the sense of nationality - the personalExpand
Dependent Development: The Alliance of Multinational, State, and Local Capital in Brazil
In order to analyze Brazil's recent accumulation of capital in the light of its continued dependence, Peter Evans focuses on the relationships among multinational corporations, local privateExpand
Politics in Brazil, 1930-1964: An Experiment in Democracy
A thorough study of Brazilian politics from 1930 to 1964, this book begins with Getulio Vargas' fifteen-year-rule - the latter part of which was a virtual dictatorship - and traces the followingExpand
The Fate of the Forest: Developers, Destroyers and Defenders of the Amazon
The Amazon rain forest covers more than five million square kilometers, amid the territories of nine different nations. It represents over half of the planet's remaining rain forests. But is it trulyExpand
The Invention of Tradition
The article explores the issues of how law and space intersect in the area known as 'The South'. It examines the intersection between 'Northern' traditions of law and space and indigenous AustraliansExpand
Amazon Frontier: The Defeat of the Brazilian Indians
This text continues the tale started in Hemming's "Red Gold". This book covers the 150 years when the first European scientists explored Amazonia and were fascinated by its tribal people. EncountersExpand
Justiça ambiental, diversidade cultural e accountability: desafios para a governança ambiental
The article presents a critical view on the notion of governance, mainly in the environmental field, with respect to the empirical models represented by the council of environmental policies and theExpand