“A Second Bounaparty?”: A Reexamination of Alexander Hamilton during the Franco–American Crisis, 1796–1801

  title={“A Second Bounaparty?”: A Reexamination of Alexander Hamilton during the Franco–American Crisis, 1796–1801},
  author={Aaron N. Coleman},
  journal={Journal of the Early Republic},
  pages={183 - 214}
Writing to her husband in the summer of 1798, Abigail Adams, first lady of the United States, believed she noticed something particular in the eyes of Alexander Hamilton. "Oh, I have read his heart in his wicked eyes," she wrote, "the very devil is in them." On another occasion, Mrs. Adams noted that Hamilton, already possessed by the Devil and overweening ambition, had the potential of becoming a "second Bounaparty." Although it is easy to dismiss these invectives as an overreaction based on… 
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