“A Ladder of Citizen Participation”

  title={“A Ladder of Citizen Participation”},
  author={Sherry R. Amstein},
  journal={Journal of The American Planning Association},

Participation in International Human Rights Law: A Comparison of Theory and Practice.

This thesis is an exploration of the relationship between participation and international human rights law. It places participation in a human rights context through examining the concept of

Enhancing E-Participation in Urban Planning Competitions

Planning competitions are used as a way to determine alternatives and promote innovative solutions in the early phase of urban planning. However, the traditional jury-based evaluation process is

Participatory Design as a Tool for the Urban Environment Development

Participatory planning is widely used worldwide as a tool of involving citizens in the processes of urban development, and it has also become more popular in Russia. The projects in Russia are

Urban Digital Infrastructure, Smart Cityism, and Communication

  • S. McQuire
  • History
    International Journal of E-Planning Research
  • 2021
This article takes stock of the smart city concept by locating it in relation to both a longer history of urban computing, as well as more recent projects exploring the vexed issues of participatory