“A Crusade from the First”: The Norman Conquest of Islamic Sicily, 1060–1091

  title={“A Crusade from the First”: The Norman Conquest of Islamic Sicily, 1060–1091},
  author={Paul E. Chevedden},
  pages={191 - 225}
  • Paul E. Chevedden
  • Published 2010
  • History
  • Al-Masāq
  • In the creation myth of the Crusades, Pope Urban II (r. 1088–1099) is the founding father and 1095 is the critical year. During the twentieth century, French, Spanish, and English scholars challenged this myth; yet this myth remains as durable as ever. Because the origins of the crusading enterprise came to be associated with the so-called First Crusade (1095–1102), scholars have created a vision of crusading at odds with Pope Urban's vision, which views the “First” Crusade as the third part of… CONTINUE READING
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