‘Words are cheaper than bullets’: Britain’s psychological warfare in the Middle East, 1945–60

  title={‘Words are cheaper than bullets’: Britain’s psychological warfare in the Middle East, 1945–60},
  author={Huw Bennett},
  journal={Intelligence and National Security},
  pages={925 - 944}
  • Huw Bennett
  • Published 2019
  • Political Science
  • Intelligence and National Security
ABSTRACT Psychological warfare, the use of propaganda to aid military operations, acquired prominence in British strategy in the early Cold War Middle East. This article argues planning made limited progress until the 1956 Suez crisis. Suez produced optimism about propaganda’s ability to address threats from Egypt, the USSR and the Yemen. In Oman, Aden and Cyprus, psychological warfare was practiced to demoralise enemies, bolster allies and counter smears about British conduct. Only mixed… Expand
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