‘When, Where, if, and but’: Qualifying GIS and the Effect of Streetlighting on Crime and Fear

@article{Pain2006WhenWI,
  title={‘When, Where, if, and but’: Qualifying GIS and the Effect of Streetlighting on Crime and Fear},
  author={Rachel Pain and Robert Macfarlane and Keith Turner and Sally Gill},
  journal={Environment and Planning A},
  year={2006},
  volume={38},
  pages={2055 - 2074}
}
Geographical information systems (GIS) are increasingly used in England and Wales as a tool to monitor crime and aid community-safety planning. This is despite the widely known limitations of police-recorded data on crime victimisation, and concerns about the quality and specificity of available data on fear of crime. Meanwhile, improving streetlighting is a popular strategy both for improving community safety and for reducing fear of crime. In this paper we report on research carried out in… 

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