‘Theory of mind’ in violent and nonviolent patients with paranoid schizophrenia

@article{AbuAkel2004TheoryOM,
  title={‘Theory of mind’ in violent and nonviolent patients with paranoid schizophrenia},
  author={A. Abu-Akel and Khalid Abushua'leh},
  journal={Schizophrenia Research},
  year={2004},
  volume={69},
  pages={45-53}
}
The role of mentalizing abilities (or theory of mind) and empathic abilities in violent behavior were studied in 24 hospitalized males with paranoid schizophrenia (ICD-10). Patients were divided into violent and nonviolent groups based on their history of committing violent acts against others. To examine these abilities, patients heard a series of 12 short scenarios depicting social situations followed by questions that require making mental state or empathic inferencing. Our results show that… Expand
A review of the role of empathy in violence risk in mental disorders
Abstract Despite an established link between certain mental disorders and violence, the origins of this are not always clear. Recent work has suggested a role for social cognition deficits in thisExpand
Social cognition and paranoia in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia: A cross-sectional study
TLDR
Social cognition did not appear to be related to indices of paranoia in this forensic sample, consistent with recent conclusions that theory of mind impairments are not specifically linked to paranoia in people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Expand
Metacognition as a Framework to Understanding the Occurrence of Aggression and Violence in Patients with Schizophrenia
Patients with schizophrenia engage in more violence and delinquent behavior compared with the normal population. Research has presented comorbid factors such as psychoses (and specificallyExpand
Neural Mechanisms Underlying Affective Theory of Mind in Violent Antisocial Personality Disorder and/or Schizophrenia
TLDR
Both groups of violent offenders with CD/ASPD displayed a distinct pattern of neural responses during emotional/mental state attribution pointing to distinct and comparatively successful processing of social information. Expand
Theory of mind function, motor empathy, emotional empathy and schizophrenia: A single case study
Abstract It has been proposed that theory of mind dysfunction contributes to the development of paranoid schizophrenia. The inability to represent others' thoughts and feelings has implications forExpand
Attachment, Mentalizing and Personality Pathology Severity in Premeditated and Impulsive Aggression in Schizophrenia
Decades of research have displayed a robust relationship between schizophrenia and aggression, with the majority of studies focusing on the role of comorbid Axis I disorders, including drug andExpand
Mentalization and empathy as predictors of violence in schizophrenic patients: Comparison with nonviolent schizophrenic patients, violent controls and nonviolent controls
TLDR
The results emphasise the importance of distinguishing between violence related to core positive symptoms of schizophrenia and that emerging from independent comorbid antisocial personality traits in order to identify targets for screening, detection, prevention and management of violence risk in different subpopulations of schizophrenia patients. Expand
Executive function and in-patient violence in forensic patients with schizophrenia.
  • R. Fullam, M. Dolan
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
  • 2008
BACKGROUND The literature on the association between neuropsychological deficits and in-patient violence in schizophrenia is limited and the findings inconsistent. AIMS To examine the role ofExpand
The Grinch Who Stole Thoughts: A Virtual Reality Study of Theory of Mind in Early Psychosis and Chronic Schizophrenia
Social cognition refers to the collection of cognitive processes that enable fluid social engagement. One of the core processes subsumed under social cognition is theory of mind (ToM), which refersExpand
Neuroimaging and Neurocognitive Correlates of Aggression and Violence in Schizophrenia
  • E. Weiss
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Scientifica
  • 2012
TLDR
The results of neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies that have directly investigated brain functioning and/or structure in aggressive and violent samples will be discussed as well as other domains that might predispose to aggression and violence such as deficits in responding to the emotional expressions of others, impulsivity, and psychopathological symptoms. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Psychopathy and violent behavior among patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.
TLDR
The comorbidity of schizophrenia and psychopathy was found to be higher among violent patients than among nonviolent patients, and was associated with earlier age of onset of illness and more arrests for both violent and nonviolent offenses. Expand
Investigating theory of mind in schizophrenia: influence of verbalization in disorganized and non-disorganized patients
TLDR
This study underlies the existence of a link between disorganization patterns in schizophrenia and a deficit in the attribution of intentions to others, independently of the pictorial or verbal form of the mode of answering. Expand
Theory of mind impairments in schizophrenia: symptomatology, severity and specificity
TLDR
There is a clear association between ToM impairment and behavioural signs in schizophrenia and toM impairments in schizophrenia are less severe than in autism, but are specific and not a reflection of general cognitive deficits. Expand
Theory of mind and the role of IQ in chronic disorganized schizophrenia
  • M. Brüne
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Schizophrenia Research
  • 2003
BACKGROUND Several studies have suggested a theory of mind (ToM) deficit in schizophrenic disorders. However, the role of interfering variables such as IQ, attention, memory, and severity of theExpand
A Reassessment of the Link between Mental Disorder and Violent Behaviour, and its Implications for Clinical Practice
  • P. Mullen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
  • 1997
TLDR
The most effective response to the risks of dangerous behaviour in the mentally ill is not to return to policies of greater control and containment but to improve the care, support and treatment delivered to patients in the community. Expand
Selective impairments of theory of mind in people with schizophrenia
TLDR
Significant differences are found between schizophrenics and normal controls in all ToM stories, with schizophrenic people performing worse than controls in first-order stories and among symptom dimensions. Expand
[Psychopathy and evaluation of violent behavior in a psychiatric security milieu].
TLDR
Regression analysis suggest that the PCL-R is a significant predictor of violent behavior, and the use of this instrument for the prediction ofviolent behavior is encouraged. Expand
Empathic deficits in sexual offenders: An integration of affective, social, and cognitive constructs
A number of researchers have suggested that lack of empathy is a critical feature in the assessment and treatment of sex offenders. However, difficulties with definitions of empathy and correspondingExpand
Aggressive Behaviour in Schizophrenia: The Role of Psychopathology
TLDR
The aggressive group were overall more ill than the non-aggressive group, and the former could be distinguished from the latter by certain aspects of their psychopathology. Expand
Violence and mental disorder: Developments in risk assessment.
Preface List of Contributors 1: Toward a Rejuvenation of Risk Assessment Research John Monahan, Henry J. Steadman. 2: Anger as a Risk Factor for Violence among the Mentally Disordered Raymond W.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...