‘The general belief of the world’: Barbary as genre and discourse in Mediterranean history

  title={‘The general belief of the world’: Barbary as genre and discourse in Mediterranean history},
  author={Lotfi Ben Rejeb},
  journal={European Review of History: Revue europ{\'e}enne d'histoire},
  pages={15 - 31}
  • Lotfi Ben Rejeb
  • Published 1 February 2012
  • History
  • European Review of History: Revue européenne d'histoire
Europe re-invented North Africa as Barbary – at once a toponym and a trope – when this region became an extension of Ottoman imperial power following the Spanish Reconquista. Barbary emerged in modern Mediterranean history as a key genre and discourse which, in the record of Western perceptions of the Islamic world, constituted a link between the crusading mentality of the Middle Ages and the Orientalism and imperialism of the modern era. Barbary informed a Eurocentric view of relations between… 
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