‘Restoring Order’? Operation Murambatsvina and the Urban Crisis in Zimbabwe

  title={‘Restoring Order’? Operation Murambatsvina and the Urban Crisis in Zimbabwe},
  author={Deborah Potts},
  journal={Journal of Southern African Studies},
  pages={273 - 291}
  • D. Potts
  • Published 1 June 2006
  • History
  • Journal of Southern African Studies
Zimbabwe is experiencing a profound economic crisis, which has devastated the livelihoods of most of its urban population and created conditions of extreme poverty in its towns. Since independence, the state has generally adhered to housing policies that have made it both difficult and expensive for low-income urban residents to comply with legal housing requirements. However, in comparison to most other sub-Saharan African countries, in Zimbabwe the extent of illegal, freestanding urban… 
City Versus State in Zimbabwe: Colonial Antecedents of the Current Crisis
Abstract There is currently a major urban crisis in Zimbabwe. This expresses itself in failures of provision of water, electricity, medicines, transport, housing etc. Descriptions of conditions in
Perpetual ‘Outcasts’? Squatters in peri-urban Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
After independence in 1980 Zimbabwe’s cities experienced a proliferation in the number of squatter camps. This was because of the failure of the urban economy to offer adequate housing and jobs,
Zimbabwe’s political crisis has engendered a series of inter-connected crises. Of all these crises, water shortages have produced, perhaps, the most contentious aspect of the urban crisis, pitting
No place for ‘undesirables’: the urban poor’s struggle for survival in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, 1960-2005.
This thesis studies the social history of the poor in Bulawayo, the second largest city in Zimbabwe, between 1960 and 2005. This is accomplished by focusing on the housing and unemployment crises
Shanties, slums, breeze blocks and bricks
In 2005, the Zimbabwean government demolished huge swathes of low-income housing throughout the country's urban centres. This was one of the most radical reshapings of any country's urban housing
Rwanda's political settlement and the urban transition: expropriation, construction and taxation in Kigali
Although still predominantly rural, Rwanda is one of the world's fastest-urbanizing countries. This paper considers the Rwandan Patriotic Front's (RPF) approach to urban development in the context of
Rwanda’s urban transition and the RPF political settlement: Expropriation, construction and taxation in Kigali
Although still predominantly rural, Rwanda is one of the world’s fastest-urbanising countries. This paper considers the Rwandan Patriotic Front’s approach to urban development in the context of
‘Picking up the pieces’: Reconstructing the informal economic sector in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Since the launch of Operation Restore Order in May 2005 in all urban centres by the Zimbabwean government, the informal economic sector in Bulawayo has undergone significant transformations and
ABSTRACT The formal labour markets and economies of many cities in sub-Saharan Africa have been very weak for decades and this has led to significant adaptations in the nature of the livelihoods of
Poverty and the Politics of Poverty in Independent Zimbabwe, 1980-2017#
The causes of poverty in Zimbabwe range from political, economic and social policies to the deployment and utilization of economic resources such as labour and natural endowments in a country where


Esther’s House: One Woman’s ‘Home Economics’ in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe
Focusing on the history of one woman and her house in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe, this chapter explores the significance of housing for an individual African household and its livelihood. Colonial policy
Mugabe Policy Branded
  • Condemns Zimbabwe for Bulldozing Urban Slums
Urban Agriculture in Zimbabwe: Implications for Urban Management, Urban Economy, the Environment
  • Poverty and Gender
  • 1995
Report of the Fact-Finding Mission to Zimbabwe
    Economic Structural Adjustment Programme, Zimbabwe's Structural Adjustment Programme. The acronym came also to mean to local people
      Urgent Action Appeal: 200,000 People Evicted in Two Weeks and Another Million Threatened in Zimbabwe
      • Case ZIM100605
      Post-Independence Urban Low-Income Shelter Policies in Zimbabwe: A Preliminary Appraisal of Affordability' (paper presented at the Third World Planning Seminar on Shelter, Services and the Urban Poor
      • 1985