‘Not men enough to rule!’: politicization of ethnicities and forcible circumcision of Luo men during the postelection violence in Kenya

  title={‘Not men enough to rule!’: politicization of ethnicities and forcible circumcision of Luo men during the postelection violence in Kenya},
  author={Beth Maina Ahlberg and Kezia Muthoni Njoroge},
  journal={Ethnicity \& Health},
  pages={454 - 468}
Background As a contribution to ongoing research addressing sexual violence in war and conflict situations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya and Rwanda, this paper argues that the way sexual violence intersects with other markers of identity, including ethnicity and class, is not clearly articulated. Male circumcision has been popularized, as a public health strategy for prevention of HIV transmission, although evidence of its efficacy is disputable and insufficient attention has been… 
Male circumcision and the shaping of masculinities in Muranga, Kenya: Implications for public health. A focused ethnographic study
A changing circumcision ritual with women as key agents of change in a ritual considered a male arena is suggested, which recommends a revision of policies especially the WHO policy on male circumcision for the effective impact on HIV prevention among the circumcising communities.
Ethnic identities and gendered violence in sub-Saharan Africa: a commentary
This commentary examines the ways ethnic and cultural differences that define what it means to be a man can become politicised and performed in public spaces in Kenya and interrogates intersections of ethnic masculine identities with various forms of gendered violence on men’s health.
Forced male circumcision and the politics of foreskin in Kenya
ABSTRACT Do forced male circumcisions have political legitimacy in Kenya that they do not have internationally? This article asks what these acts of public violence tell us about the relationships
Voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention in fishing communities in Uganda: the influence of local beliefs and practice
The implementation of VMMC in high-HIV prevalence settings needs to take account of local beliefs about circumcision, working with local religious/social group leaders, women and peers in the roll-out of the intervention.
‘We are the real men’: Masculinity, poverty, health, and community development in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya
Previous research suggests that ethnic self-identity has little consequence for objective health outcomes compared to the structural dimensions of ethnicity. Using qualitative data, we investigated
Delivering culturally sensitive, sexual health education in western Kenya: a phenomenological case study
  • G. Lacey
  • Education
    African journal of AIDS research : AJAR
  • 2017
Bringing HIV education and female empowerment to the rural Gusii requires a culturally sensitive approach, discarding sexual abstinence messages in favour of harm minimisation, including the promotion of condom use, regular HIV testing and the rejection of female circumcision and intergenerational sex.
People, Politics and Populism in International Criminal Law: The Mungiki as Kenyan Ethnos and Kenyan Demos
  • Edwin Bikundo
  • Political Science, Law
    Netherlands Yearbook of International Law
  • 2019
Although democracy and democratic practices, in the form of both direct and indirect public participation in governance are axiomatically a cherished value of liberal democratic principles, populism
Ethics of pursuing targets in public health: the case of voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV-prevention programs in Kenya
This paper describes ethically problematic practices in Kenyan VMMC programmes revealed by fieldwork, how the problems are related to the pursuit of targets and discusses possible approaches to their management.
Restrained or constrained? Elections, communal conflicts, and variation in sexual violence
Anecdotal evidence suggests that sexual violence varies significantly across cases of election violence and communal conflicts but systematic research is scarce. Post-election violence is
Respectable 'Illegality': Gangs, Masculinities and Belonging in a Nairobi Ghetto
This book is about gangs in Nairobi’s ghettos, in particular why young men feel they have to become a member of a gang, how gang membership becomes crucial in their struggle for survival and why it


Is there a distinct African sexuality? A critical response to Caldwell
The article re-examines Caldwell et al.'s conceptualisation of the role of moral value in social change and concludes that the christianisation process in Africa fundamentally transformed local customs in ways that delinked their role in regulating behaviour, including sexual behaviour.
Violence, hate speech and inflammatory broadcasting in Kenya: The problems of definition and identification
During and after the 2007/8 post-election violence in Kenya, media monitors, human rights groups, politicians and journalists accused sections of the Kenyan media - notably local vernacular radio
Facing Mount Kenya or Facing Mecca? The Mungiki, Ethnic Violence and the Politics of the Moi Succession in Kenya, 1987-2002
Kenya’s return to pluralist politics in the early 1990s saw the eruption of political violence that has since laid siege to human rights and democracy. This article discusses the Mungiki movement
Male Circumcision in the General Population of Kisumu, Kenya: Beliefs about Protection, Risk Behaviors, HIV, and STIs
In males, preference for being or becoming circumcised was associated with inconsistent condom use and increased lifetime number of sexual partners, and preference for circumcision was increased with understanding that circumcised men are less likely to become infected with HIV.
Male circumcision for HIV prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial
Male circumcision is not the HIV ‘vaccine’ we have been waiting for!
For the health community to rush to recommend a program based on incomplete evidence is both premature and ill-advised and might ultimately aggravate the problem by altering people’s behavioral patterns and exposing them and their partners to new or expanded risks.
Provisional notes on the postcolony
Abstract The exercise of power in African states since independence—generalised here under the term the ‘postcolony’—has been marked by a liking for ceremonial and by an exhibitionism that is the
Psychosocial influences on adolescent sexuality and identity in rural Kenya
Abstract This article examines the influence of psychosocial factors on adolescent sexuality and identity in Kenya. It focuses on male circumcision, peer and parental relationships. The article is