‘Mission Civilisatrice’: French Cultural Policy in the Middle East, 1860–1914

@article{Burrows1986MissionCF,
  title={‘Mission Civilisatrice’: French Cultural Policy in the Middle East, 1860–1914},
  author={Mathew Burrows},
  journal={The Historical Journal},
  year={1986},
  volume={29},
  pages={109 - 135}
}
  • M. Burrows
  • Published 1 March 1986
  • History
  • The Historical Journal
Mission civilisatnce was one of the bywords of French colonial expansion under the Third Republic. Unfortunately until now there have been few works devoted to its study. Indeed, the notion itself has not been taken very seriously by scholars. As long ago as 1960 when Henri Brunschwig published his seminal work on French colonialism, he stated quite categorically: ‘en Angleterre la justification humanitaire l'emporta’ while ‘en France le nationalisme de 1870 domina’ even if that nationalism ‘ne… 

Assimilation, Association, And Modernism In The Urbanism Of The French Third Republic

The regime of settler-colonialism present in Algeria during the French Third Republic (1870-1940) facilitated a certain mythos of Republican French renewal. Given the value French culture places on

An Exceptional Empire? Dutch Colonialism in Comparative Perspective

This chapter compares developments in Dutch colonialism with other imperial powers in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It is argued that, while following trends occurring in other

A Historical Sociology of the New Cultural Diplomacy

Although the term ‘cultural diplomacy’ is familiar, it was infrequently used before the end of the Cold War. In fact, practitioners avoided the term and preferred ‘cultural relations’. This paper

Failing to Stem the Tide: Lebanese Migration to French West Africa and the Competing Prerogatives of the Imperial State

  • Andrew Arsan
  • History
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 2011
In the years before 1939, the functionaries of Afrique Occidentale Française, or AOF, as France's West African possessions were known, consistently failed to introduce effective legislative controls

French Cultural Efforts Towards Jerusalem’s Arab Population in the Late British Mandate in Palestine

  • Dominique Trimbur
  • History, Sociology
    European Cultural Diplomacy and Arab Christians in Palestine, 1918–1948
  • 2020
This chapter describes a brief period of French government cultural activities carried out with the aim of attracting a broad audience within the Arab population of Jerusalem, through the creation by

Venice's Colonial Jews: Community, Identity, and Justice in Late Medieval Venetian Crete

This dissertation offers a social history of the Jews of Candia, Venetian Crete‘s capital, by investigating how these Jews related to their colonial sovereign, their Latin and Greek Christian

The Biopolitical Usage of Colonial Camp Systems between 1896 and 1908 and the Quest for Restorative Justice

In 2004, a minister from Germany visited Namibia and personally apologized for the colonial-era violence that killed at least 60,000 Herero people who survived the Battle of Waterberg and who were

From Transformation to Negotiation: A Female Mission in a “City of Schools”

  • J. Hauser
  • History
    Critical Readings in the History of Christian Mission
  • 2016
Abstract:In much recent research on missions and colonialism, the notion of a civilizing mission has served to highlight asymmetries of power in colonial encounters. Drawing on the example of the

A narrative of death and resurrection: emplotment and decadence in Nineteenth-Century French Catholic ideology

Setting out across the Algerian plains in the autumn of 1837, Jean-Joseph François Poujoulat came across the remains of a Christian church in the north-eastern town of Thibilis. The province of

“That Coming Storm”: The Irish Poor Law, Colonial Biopolitics, and the Great Famine

The potato blight, Phythophthora infestans, was first recorded in Dublin in August 1845. Over the next five years the Irish potato harvest failed four times, triggering mass hunger and disease on a

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES

Anti-Clericalism and French Policy in the Ottoman Empire, I900-I4

Anti-clericalism, its growth and its impact upon the society of the Third French Republic, has been the subject of a large and increasing body of literature. But aside from a few isolated examples,

The Emergence of Modern Universities in France, 1863-1914

George Weisz offers a comprehensive analysis of the French university system during the latter half of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Examining the major reforms of higher education

Gambetta et la reprise de l’expansion coloniale

Gambetta fut-il a l'origine de la reprise de la politique coloniale apres 1878 ? Ses amis l'ont affirme avec quelque vraisemblance, mais il serait imprudent d'accueillir sans critique leurs propos.

The Definition of a Style of Imperialism: The Internal Politics of the French Educational Investment in Ottoman Beirut

During the latter part of the nineteenth century France established a substantial educational presence in Beirut and, through that burgeoning town, in other parts of Syria, particularly in Mt.