author={Saul Dubow},
  journal={The Historical Journal},
  pages={1087 - 1114}
  • S. Dubow
  • Published 7 November 2011
  • Linguistics
  • The Historical Journal
ABSTRACT Just over fifty years ago, Prime Minister Macmillan made an extensive tour of Africa, culminating in his ‘wind of change’ speech in Cape Town, 1960. This article traces Macmillan's progress through Africa with particular emphasis on his intervention in South African politics. It offers a novel reading of the ‘wind of change’ speech, arguing that the message was far more conciliatory with respect to white South African interests than is usually assumed. Pragmatism rather than principle… 


  • S. Dubow
  • Sociology
    The Journal of African History
  • 2015
Abstract In many accounts, the Sharpeville emergency of 1960 was a key ‘turning point’ for modern South African history. It persuaded the liberation movements that there was no point in civil

Campaigning Against Apartheid: The Rise, Fall and Legacies of the South Africa United Front 1960–1962

  • M. Graham
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
  • 2018
ABSTRACT The international struggle against apartheid that emerged during the second half of the twentieth century made the system of legalised racial oppression in South Africa one of the world’s

Keeping Britain ‘in the Fore’: The Establishment of the British Council in South Africa and Its Contribution to the 1960 Union Festival

  • D. Feather
  • History
    The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History
  • 2022
ABSTRACT This article discusses the establishment of a British Council presence in South Africa through the appointment of a cultural advisor at the British High Commission in 1958. It analyses the

The Commonwealth and South Africa: From Smuts to Mandela

ABSTRACT The creation of modern South Africa as an independent unitary state within the British Empire (c. 1910) gave birth to the Commonwealth idea. Jan Smuts’s views on Commonwealth were formative

The Promise of Political Theory in South Africa

In this article, I discuss the nature of political theory by reference to the nature and study of politics and the centrality of language and practical concepts therein. I then paint a realistic

Transnational Activism and Domestic Politics: Arms Exports and the Anti-Apartheid Struggle in the UK–South Africa Relations (1959–1994)

In 1964, the UK government imposed an arms embargo on South Africa, which it maintained until the end of the white minority rule. What explains this embargo? Using mainly archival evidence, this

Legitimising Euroscepticism? The construction, delivery and significance of the Bruges speech

ABSTRACT This paper reassesses the construction, delivery and significance of the Bruges speech by Margaret Thatcher in 1988. Widely seen as a critical moment in the shift towards the legitimising of

The Making of International Human Rights: The 1960s, Decolonization, and the Reconstruction of Global Values

Introduction 1. 'Power carries its own conviction': the early rise and fall of human rights, 1945-60 2. 'The problem of freedom': the United Nations and decolonization, 1960-1 3. From Jamaica with

Empires of the Mind



Macmillan and the wind of change in Africa, 1957–1960

ABSTRACT Based on the recently released documents in the Public Record Office, London, this article is concerned with examining the reasons behind the shift in the British approach towards

'A Great Cause': The Origins of the Anti-Apartheid Movement, June 1959-March 1960

The Boycott Movement was initiated in June 1959 by exiled South African supporters of the Congress Movement with the aim of internationalizing the boycott campaign which the African and Indian

Banquo's Ghost: Lord Salisbury, Harold Macmillan, and the High Politics of Decolonization, 1957–1963

This article reconstructs the bitter political argument between Lord Salisbury and Harold Macmillan over decolonization. In order to do so it makes extensive use of their private papers. It describes

Grand Designs and Visions of Unity: The Atlantic Powers and the Reorganization of Western Europe, 1955-1963

In the late 1950s, against the unfolding backdrop of the Cold War, American and European leaders began working to reshape Western Europe. They sought to adapt the region to a changing world in which

Summits: Six Meetings That Shaped the Twentieth Century

'It is not easy to see how matters could be worsened by a parley at the summit.' Winston Churchill coined the term in 1950 but the temptation of summitry has been around for centuries. In this

Britain's Declining Empire: The Road to Decolonisation, 1918–1968

Preface Introduction 1. 'The whole world is rocking': British governments and a dysfunctional imperial system, 1918-45 2. 'British imperialism is dead': the Attlee government and the end of empire,

The Lion and the Springbok: Britain and South Africa since the Boer War

Frontispiece List of illustrations List of tables Preface Acknowledgements List of abbreviations 1. The uneasy special relationship: dynamics and divergencies 2. Breakdown: into war, 1895-9 3.

Science and society in the early career of H.F. Verwoerd

The early career of Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd has rarely received either scholarly or political attention. Yet the period between 1924, when he was awarded a PhD in Psychology at Stellenbosch, and

Harold Macmillan's "Winds of Change" Speech: A Case Study in the Rhetoric of Policy Change

A political leader who decides to change policy confronts a heterogeneous audience comprised of old supporters who may feel betrayed and potential new supporters who may be suspicious of the leader's

Mandela: The Authorised Biography

The author has known Mandela since the 1950s, and has been given complete access to all his personal papers, to Mandela himself, his friends and political associates, to write the full story of