‘Late’ male sperm precedence in polyandrous wool-carder bees and the evolution of male resource defence in Hymenoptera

  title={‘Late’ male sperm precedence in polyandrous wool-carder bees and the evolution of male resource defence in Hymenoptera},
  author={Kathrin P Lampert and Vanessa Pasternak and Philipp Brand and Ralph Tollrian and Florian Leese and Thomas Eltz},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
The mating system of European wool-carder bees, Anthidium manicatum, differs from that of most bees in three important aspects: females (1) are polyandrous and (2) mate continuously over the course of their reproductive life, while males (3) exhibit resource defence polygyny, that is, defend patches of food plants where copulations occur. To shed light on the evolution of this mating system we investigated male paternity using a combination of cage experiments and microsatellite genotyping of… Expand

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