‘It was made to appear to them so’: the crucifixion, Jews and Sasanian war propaganda in the Qur’ān

@article{Cole2021ItWM,
  title={‘It was made to appear to them so’: the crucifixion, Jews and Sasanian war propaganda in the Qur’ān},
  author={Juan Cole},
  journal={Religion},
  year={2021},
  volume={51},
  pages={404 - 422}
}
  • J. Cole
  • Published 29 March 2021
  • History
  • Religion
ABSTRACT The quranic sūra The Women 4:157-58 says that Jews claimed to have killed and crucified Christ but denies that they did so. Rather, the verse says, ‘it was made to appear to them so.’ For centuries, controversy has swirled around these verses, as most Muslims took them to deny that Christ was crucified. If we place them in the historical context of the Roman-Sasanian war of the early seventh century, it is clear that the allegations denied in this Qurʾān passage resemble reported… 

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
ON THE QUR’ĀN AND THE THEME OF JEWS AS “KILLERS OF THE PROPHETS”
A prominent element of the Qur’ān’s material on the Jews is its report that the Israelites killed prophets sent to them. The Qur’an does not describe the killing of any particular prophet, nor does
The Crucifixion and the Qur'an: A Study in the History of Muslim Thought
According to the majority of modern Muslims and Christians, the Qur'an denies the crucifixion of Jesus, and with it, one of the most sacred beliefs of Christianity. However, it is only mentioned in
Folly To The Ḥunafā": The Crucifixion In Early Christian-Muslim Controversy
Christians who found themselves under Islamic rule as a result of the conquests of seventh century AD quickly discovered that the New Testament ‘word of the cross’ had not only been folly to the
THE CONSTITUTION OF MEDINA: A SOCIOLEGAL INTERPRETATION OF MUHAMMAD'S ACTS OF FOUNDATION OF THE UMMA
  • S. Arjomand
  • History
    International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • 2009
One of the oldest extant documents in Islamic history records a set of deeds executed by Muhammad after his migration (hijra) in 622 from Mecca to Yathrib, subsequently known as “the City [madīna] of
Muhammad and the Believers: At the Origins of Islam
The origins of Islam have been the subject of increasing controversy in recent years. The traditional view, which presents Islam as a self-consciously distinct religion tied to the life and
Yahwistic Appropriation of Achaemenid Ideology and the Function of Nehemiah 9 in Ezra-Nehemiah
Abstract:The prayer of Neh 9:6–37, and particularly its final two verses, presents the imperial monarchy in a very negative light. This portrayal is far different from the depictions of the
The Muslim Jesus: Dead or alive?
  • G. S. Reynolds
  • Philosophy
    Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
  • 2009
Abstract According to most classical Muslim commentators the Quran teaches that Jesus did not die. On the day of the crucifixion another person – whether his disciple or his betrayer – was
“Let us Go and Burn Her Body”: The Image of the Jews in the Early Dormition Traditions
In his recent book, Mary through the Centuries, Jaroslav Pelikan notes that “one of the most profound and persistent roles of the Virgin Mary in history has been her function as a bridge builder to
Jews in Ancient and Late Ancient Asia Minor between Acceptance and Rejection
Abstract This article surveys the evidence for and history of Jews and Judaism in Asia Minor with a special focus on the denigration and persecution of Jews by pagans and Christians in Asia Minor.
The Persians in the Roman Near East (602–630 AD)
  • C. Foss
  • History
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
  • 2002
Abstract When the decisive battle of the Yarmuk in 636 AD gave the Muslim Arabs control of Syria, they gained a land that had been Roman for 700 years. Yet in the memory of most of its inhabitants,
...
1
2
3
4
5
...