‘Holy War Made in Germany’? Ottoman Origins of the 1914 Jihad

@article{Aksakal2011HolyWM,
  title={‘Holy War Made in Germany’? Ottoman Origins of the 1914 Jihad},
  author={Mustafa Aksakal},
  journal={War in History},
  year={2011},
  volume={18},
  pages={184 - 199}
}
From the beginning the 1914 Ottoman jihad proclamation was portrayed by the Allies as the linchpin of a German scheme to revolutionize Muslim populations in the territories of Berlin’s enemies: in British Egypt and India, in French North Africa, and in the Russian Caucasus and Central Asia. This article questions the cliché of the German jihad by situating the 1914 declaration in its deeper Ottoman historical context. Did the Ottomans need Berlin’s blandishments to convince them of the… Expand

Figures from this paper

Rival jihads: Islam and the Great War in the Middle East, 1914-1918
The Ottoman Empire, under pressure from its ally Germany, declared a jihad shortly after entering the First World War. The move was calculated to rouse Muslims in the British, French and RussianExpand
The Genocide of the Greeks of the Ottoman Empire, 1913–1923: A Comprehensive Overview
This article refers to the 1913–1923 genocide of the Greeks of the Ottoman Empire and aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the overall genocidal process. On the one hand, it offers anExpand
The construction of Ottoman Asia and its Muslim peoples in Wellington House's propaganda and associated literature, 1914-1918
THE CONSTRUCTION OF OTTOMAN ASIA AND ITS MUSLIM PEOPLES IN WELLINGTON HOUSE’S PROPAGANDA AND ASSOCIATED LITERATURE, 1914-1918 Sadia McEvoy, King’s College London Whilst the subject of the BritishExpand
Pre-war Societies ( Ottoman Empire / Middle East )
On the eve of World War I, Ottoman civil society was flourishing. New political freedoms, civic engagement, and enhanced participation by women in public life contributed to an optimistic and vibrantExpand
BETWEEN CIVIC AND ISLAMIC OTTOMANISM: JEWISH IMPERIAL CITIZENSHIP IN THE HAMIDIAN ERA
  • J. Cohen
  • History
  • International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • 2012
Abstract This article explores the responses of Sephardi Jews to two moments of heightened tension and politicized violence in the Ottoman Empire during the late 19th century—the massacres ofExpand
Transnationalism and insurrection: independence committees, anti-colonial networks, and Germany’s global war
This article analyses the Indian, Persian, and Algerian–Tunisian independence committees and their place in Germany’s ‘programme for revolution’, Berlin’s attempt to instigate insurrection across theExpand
Altered Allegiances: Indian Soldiers, Non-Combatants, and Revolutionaries during the Balkan and First World Wars
At the beginning of the 20 th century, in the years encompassing the First World War, diverging views on colonial rule and securing self-rule were spreading in the Indian subcontinent. When the FirstExpand
Reflections on Resistance and Accommodation in Morocco During the Great War, 1914-1918
Reflections on Resistance and Accommodation in Morocco During the Great War, 1914-1918 In August, 1914, large areas of Morocco were fiercely resisting the imposition of a French Protectorate (1912)Expand
Pan-Islamism in Afghanistan in the Early Twentieth Century: From Political Discourse to Government Policy, 1906–22
The idea of pan-Islamism in Afghanistan emerged after the foundation of the Constitutional Party in the early 1900s. The party was an underground organization which had cells in an educationalExpand
The First World War and the Middle East: a literature review of recent scholarship
ABSTRACT The historiography of the First World War in the Middle East has changed over the last two decades, and while some established works stand the test of time, there are new works to consider.Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 15 REFERENCES
The Ottoman Road to War in 1914
In this book Mustafa Aksakal discusses the reasons behind the Ottoman Empire entering the First World War, and challenges one of the most common views attributing the responsibility to the ministerExpand
The Development of Modern Turkey as Measured by Its Press
Downloading the book in this website lists can give you more advantages. It will show you the best book collections and completed collections. So many books can be found in this website. So, this isExpand
The religious language used by Mustafa Kemal's resistance movement was downplayed
  • 2008
Griechisch-orthodoxe und muslimische Flüchtlinge und Deportierte in Griechenland und der Türkei seit 1912
  • Enzyklopädie Migration in Europa: Vom 17. Jahrhundert bis zur Gegenwart
  • 2007
Meşrutiyet Döneminde İzmir'de Tiyatro Yaşamı
  • 2005
See, for example, the book by the former Sheikh-ul-Islam Musa Kâzım, İslam'da cihad (Istanbul: Matbaa-i Hayriye ve Şürekası
  • 1917
The Turco-Italian War and Its Problems (London: Constable, 1912); for the Ottoman view, see Hasan Sırrı, Hukuk-u Düvel Nokta-i Nazarında Osmanlı-İtalya Muharebesi (Kostantiniye: Matbaa-i Ebüzziya
  • 1914
AS 414/17121, 14 Cemaziyelahir 1224
    Archives of the Turkish General Staff
    • BDH, klasör 68, yeni dosya 337
    ...
    1
    2
    ...