‘Environmental and Economic Costs of the Application of Pesticides Primarily in the United States’

  title={‘Environmental and Economic Costs of the Application of Pesticides Primarily in the United States’},
  author={David Pimentel},
  journal={Environment, Development and Sustainability},
  • D. Pimentel
  • Published 2005
  • Environment, Development and Sustainability
An obvious need for an updated and comprehensive study prompted this investigation of the complex of environmental costs resulting from the nation’s dependence on pesticides. Included in this assessment of an estimated $10 billion in environmental and societal damages are analyses of: pesticide impacts on public health; livestock and livestock product losses; increased control expenses resulting from pesticide-related destruction of natural enemies and from the development of pesticide… 

Cost-benefit analysis of crop protection measures

  • J. Popp
  • Environmental Science
    Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
  • 2011
Reducing pesticide use can provide growers with direct economic benefits by decreasing the cost of inputs and increasing net returns. Chemical pesticides will continue to play a role in pest

Pesticide use in Nepal : health effects and economic costs for farmers in the central mid-hills

The rationale for pesticide use in agriculture is that costs associated with pesticide pollution are to be justified by its benefits, but this is not so obvious. Valuing the benefits by simple

Health and environmental costs of pesticide use in vegetable farming in Nepal

There is a growing concern of pesticide risks to human health, natural environment and ecosystems. Many previous economic valuations have accounted health aspects or environmental components, but


Manufacturing and consumption of pesticides worldwide have been increasing dramatically in crop production. In this process pesticide misuses become more and more serious, which has resulted in heavy

An overview of pesticides in the development of agriculture crops

The development of agriculture yield is closely related to the use of pesticides. This review categorizes and identifies the pathway of toxicity in the environment and their prevention measures to

Agricultural pesticide use and food safety: California’s model

Adverse Health Effects of Pesticides Exposure in Agricultural and Industrial Workers of Developing Country

Pesticides are used extensively throughout the world. There are several definitions of pesticide; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines pesticide as any substance

Pesticide environmental accounting: a decision-making tool estimating external costs of pesticides

  • A. LeachJ. Mumford
  • Environmental Science
    Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit
  • 2011
In cost-benefit analyses of pesticide use an area-based measure of both costs and benefits is needed for spatial analysis of net benefits. The pesticide environmental accounting (PEA) tool provides a

Pesticide productivity and food security. A review

The 7 billion global population is projected to grow by 70 million per annum, increasing by 30 % to 9.2 billion by 2050. This increased population density is projected to increase demand for food



Environmental and economic effects of reducing pesticide use in agriculture

Environmental and Economic Impacts of Reducing U.S. Agricultural Pesticide Use

Several studies suggest that it is technologically feasible to reduce pesticide use in the United States 35—50% without reducing crop yields (PSAC, 1965; OTA, 1979; NAS, 1989; Palladino, 1989). Two

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Biodiversity

The rapidly growing world population and increased human activity threaten many of these species, including species that provide humans with essential medicines and other diverse, useful products.

Assessment of Environmental and Economic Impacts of Pesticide Use

Worldwide, about 2.5 million tons of pesticides are applied each year with a purchase price of $20 billion (PN, 1990). In the United States approximately 500,000 tons of 600 different types of


Both high agricultural productivity and human health depend on the activity of a diverse natural biota composed of an estimated 10 million (range 2-80 million) species of plants and animals that inhabit the world.

Insect population responses to environmental stress and pollutants

Because of their major ecological and economic roles in nature and society, the beneficial and pest activities of insects need to be clearly understood.

Poisoning of raptors with organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides with emphasis on Canada, U.S. and U.K.

Cases of raptor mortality resulting from cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides are reviewed and the use of organophos- phorus products as avicides and for the topical treatment of livestock appeared to be common routes of intoxication.

Pesticide Use: Ethical, Environmental, and Public Health Implications

Worldwide, over 2.5 million tons of pesticides are applied each year at a purchase price of $32 billion, including application costs, and in the United States alone, approximately 500,000 tons of 600 different types of pesticide are used annually.

Agricultural Statistics

  • Economics
  • 1936
THE International Institute of Agriculture, Rome, has now published the sixth of its economic commentaries, “The World Agricultural Situation in 1934–5” (price 25 lire). As in the preceding issue,