‘Ecstasy’ Psychosis and Flashbacks

  title={‘Ecstasy’ Psychosis and Flashbacks},
  author={F J Creighton and Diane Black and Clive E. Hyde},
  journal={British Journal of Psychiatry},
  pages={713 - 715}
We report three cases of flashbacks and one case of recurrent psychosis experienced by three MDMA users. We draw the attention of clinicians to the combination of adverse effects observed with this drug of abuse and to the advisability of prolonged treatment should they occur. 
Psychiatric complications of 'Ecstasy' use
Two case reports are presented of significant psychiatric disorders associated with ingestion of 'Ecstasy' (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine), a recreational drug whose use appears to be increasing.
Three cases of delirium after "ecstasy" ingestion.
Three cases of delirium experienced by three young friends after recreational use of "ecstasy" are reported--a syndrome which, to the best of the authors' knowledge, has not been previously observed
Psychosis and recreational use of MDMA (“Ecstasy”)
A seventeen year old man attended the National Drug Treatment Centre with a paranoid psychosis following ingestion of Methylene dioxy methamphetamine (MDMA), which has become widely misused in Dublin over the last two years.
Ecstasy and Whizz at a rave resulting in a major burn plus complications.
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    Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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An “Accidental” Acute Psychosis with Ecstasy Use
The case reported here involves an acute psychotic episode with residual symptoms after six months, with a sudden onset at least 12 hours after taking alcohol and ecstasy without realising it, in an individual with no previous psychopathology other than a moderate anxiety disorder.
MDMA and serotonin: based on two cases.
The authors present two clinical cases, in which psychopathological and cognitive symptoms are detected in MDMA users that support the hypothesis that MDMA damages serotonin neurons in all animal species and applies to humans.
Symptomatological Features of Patients with and without Ecstasy Use during Their First Psychotic Episode
It is suggested that the use of Ecstasy may be counterproductive with respect to user expectations, as psychosis with a high level of aggressiveness and violence constitutes an important ‘side-effect’ that surely runs counter to the expected entactogenic action of Ec ecstasy.
Persistent psychosis after a single ingestion of 'ecstasy'.
An individual is described who developed prolonged psychosis after a single recreational use of MDMA, a synthetic amphetamine that has both stimulant and hallucinogenic properties.
Ecstasy (MDMA): An Update
This chapter will discuss the current implications of ecstasy use for those involved in emergency medicine, anesthesia and intensive care.
Diversity of Psychopathology Associated with use of 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (‘Ecstasy’)
Use of MDMA may be associated with a broader spectrum of psychiatric morbidity than heretofore suspected, and cases with psychosis may be clinically similar to psychotic patients with no history of substance use.


Visual phenomenology of the LSD flashback.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of general psychiatry
  • 1983
Sensitivity to LSD as determined by flashbacks appears to divide the study sample into three discrete subgroups, and there may be a genetic basis to LSD sensitivity.
ECSTACY: A Review of MDMA and MDA
The authors review the literature on MDMA and its predecessor, MDA, a substance that differs from MDMA by one methyl group and concludes that MDMA should be classified as a Schedule I controlled substance.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease
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The basic pharmacology of the major synthetic psychedelic compounds (primarily lysergic acid diethylamide [LSD]-25) is described and reference is made to their potentially beneficial psychological effects.
Hallucinogenic amphetamine selectively destroys brain serotonin nerve terminals.
Results show that MDA has toxic activity for serotonin neurons in rats and raise the question of whether exposure to MDA and related hallucinogenic amphetamines can produce serotonin neurotoxicity in the human brain.
Synthesis, identification, and acute toxicity of α-benzylphenethylamine and α-benzyl-N-methylphenethylamine. Contaminants in clandestine preparation of amphetamine and methamphetamine
Amphetamine samples obtained from clandestine laboratories often contain other by-product amines. The most common of these are the alpha-benzylphenethylamine derivatives. This article reports the
Use of haloperidol to reduce LSD flashbacks.