‘Double trouble’: the expansion of the Suez Canal and marine bioinvasions in the Mediterranean Sea

  title={‘Double trouble’: the expansion of the Suez Canal and marine bioinvasions in the Mediterranean Sea},
  author={Bella S. Galil and Ferdinando Boero and Marnie L Campbell and James T. Carlton and Elizabeth J. Cook and Simonetta Fraschetti and Stephan Gollasch and Chad L. Hewitt and Anders Jelmert and Enrique Macpherson and Agnese Marchini and Cynthia H. McKenzie and Dan Minchin and Anna Occhipinti‐Ambrogi and Henn Ojaveer and Sergej Olenin and Stefano Piraino and Gregory M. Ruiz},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
‘‘Egypt to build new Suez canal... ‘This giant project will be the creation of a new Suez canal parallel to the current channel’ said Mohab Mamish, the chairman of the Suez Canal Authority, in a televised speech.’’ (http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/05/ egypt-build-new-suez-canal, viewed August 13, 2014). This is ominous news. Expected to double the capacity of the Suez Canal, the expansion is sure to have a diverse range of effects, at local and regional scales, on both the biological… 
Neocolonialism and the Ecological Crisis of the Suez Canal
  • Ritapa Neogi
  • Environmental Science
    Maneto Undergraduate Research Journal
  • 2019
Since its construction in the mid-1800’s, Egypt’s Suez Canal has been a source of international conflict, economic growth, and ecological turmoil. Because it regularly transports a large number of
The enlargement of the Suez Canal – Erythraean introductions and management challenges
The Suez Canal is the main pathway of introduction of non-indigenous species into the Mediterranean Sea. The successive enlargements of the Suez Canal have raised concern over increasing propagule
Progress in Mediterranean bioinvasions two years after the Suez Canal enlargement
The possibility that the recent expansion of the Suez Canal could trigger an entirely new twenty first century wave of invasions was investigated, but results showed that only 19 new alien species were detected after August 2015, confirming previous findings on the decreasing rate of introductions.
Possible implications of sea level changes for species migration through the Suez Canal
  • E. Biton
  • Environmental Science
    Scientific reports
  • 2020
This record not only supports previous observations of the unidirectional invasion until the 1980s and the accelerated species migration rates to the Mediterranean ever since, but also suggest that southward migration could have become possible since the early 1980s.
Advances in Egyptian Mediterranean Coast Climate Change Monitoring
This paper characterizes non-indigenous fish species (NIS) and analyses both atmospheric and sea surface temperatures for the Mediterranean coast of Egypt from 1991 to 2020, in relation to previous
The Marine Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea in a Changing Climate: The Impact of Biological Invasions
The Mediterranean Sea, one of the most complex marine ecosystems, is inhabited by a rich and diverse biota which is disproportionate to its dimensions. It is cur‐ rently affected by different
The update of immigrant Red Sea fish of Egyptian Mediterranean waters during (2013-2021)
Thirty nine immigrant fish species from the Red sea were observed in seven regions of Egyptian Mediterranean waters during 2013- 2021. These were divided according to their importance in the fish


International arrivals: widespread bioinvasions in European Seas
A country-based approach was applied to assess patterns of NIS richness in ES, and the principal introduction routes and vectors, the most widespread NIS and their spatial and temporal spread patterns were identified.
Genetic relationship in goatfishes (Mullidae: Perciformes) of the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, with remarks on Suez Canal migrants
The electrophoretic results support the taxonomy which is based on morphomeristic measurements, with the exception of U. pori, the genetic distance of which with its congeneric species is at a level which is attributed to different genera.
Alien Marine Fishes Deplete Algal Biomass in the Eastern Mediterranean
Underwater fish censuses and observations suggest that Siganus luridus and S. rivulatus from the Red Sea are responsible for the creation and maintenance of these benthic communities with extremely low biomass.
Lessepsian migration and tetrodotoxin poisoning due to Lagocephalus sceleratus in the eastern Mediterranean.
Lack of a genetic bottleneck in a recent Lessepsian bioinvader, the blue-barred parrotfish, Scarus ghobban.
Loss or gain? Invasive aliens and biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • B. Galil
  • Environmental Science
    Marine pollution bulletin
  • 2007
The invasive tropical scyphozoan Rhopilema nomadica Galil, 1990 reaches the Tunisian coast of the Mediterranean Sea
The alien Erythraean jellyfish Rhopilema nomadica was first recorded in Tunisia waters (Gulf of Gabes) in 2008. Subsequently it was sighted in the Bizerte Channel and Gulf of Tunis where it has been
Impact: Toward a Framework for Understanding the Ecological Effects of Invaders
This paper argues that the total impact of an invader includes three fundamental dimensions: range, abundance, and the per-capita or per-biomass effect of the invader, and recommends previous approaches to measuring impact at different organizational levels, and suggests some new approaches.
Jellyfish envenomation: a summer epidemic.