‘Consumer’ Versus ‘Customer’: The Devil in the Detail

@article{Akman2010ConsumerV,
  title={‘Consumer’ Versus ‘Customer’: The Devil in the Detail},
  author={P. Akman},
  journal={Wiley-Blackwell: Journal of Law & Society},
  year={2010}
}
  • P. Akman
  • Published 2010
  • Economics
  • Wiley-Blackwell: Journal of Law & Society
The ultimate objective of EC competition rules is arguably the enhancement of 'consumer welfare'. In EC competition law, however, 'consumer' merely means 'customer'. Not being limited to final consumers, the concept also encompasses intermediate customers. Moreover, according to the EC Commission, under Article 82EC, harm to intermediate customers is generally presumed to create harm to consumers and where intermediate customers are not competitors of the dominant undertaking, there is no… Expand
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