‘An international perspective on Tourette syndrome’

@article{Rickards2001AnIP,
  title={‘An international perspective on Tourette syndrome’},
  author={Hugh H Rickards},
  journal={Developmental Medicine \& Child Neurology},
  year={2001},
  volume={43}
}
  • H. Rickards
  • Published 1 June 2001
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
‘An international perspective on Tourette syndrome’ SIR–The paper by Freeman et al.1 offered a unique insight into the epidemiology and clinical features of Tourette syndrome (TS). TS is now being redefined from a rare condition to one which is relatively common (perhaps 3% of school children2) and one which exists on a spectrum with normality3. Co-morbid conditions are also taking a more prominent position. However, there are several instances of data from this study that are markedly at odds… 
The Psychosocial Aspects of the Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome: Empirical Evidence from the Literature
ObjectiveA literature review suggests that Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is common but under-diagnosed and under-reported, and the consequences and impact are not fully understood. This review
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TLDR
A better understanding of Tourette’s Syndrome is given, starting with a brief background, followed by its pathogenesis and an analysis of treatment, including medication and education.
Premonitory sensory phenomena and suppressibility of tics in Tourette syndrome: developmental aspects in children and adolescents
TLDR
The reported data suggest that PSP is experienced rarely in younger children with Tourette syndrome and is not a necessary prerequisite for SPT, and developmental aspects of PSP and SPT should be taken into consideration when studies of cognitive behavioural treatment for children and adolescents with tourette syndrome are planned.
Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome, Depression, Depressive Illness, and Correlates in a Child and Adolescent Population.
TLDR
Investigating the relationship between depressive symptomatology and the core clinical features of GTS in a well-characterized clinical population of youth with this disorder verified the association between depression and comorbid obsessive-compulsive disorder and explored further other potential associations.
Course of Tourette Syndrome and Comorbidities in a Large Prospective Clinical Study.
Youth with Tourette syndrome: Parental perceptions and experiences in the Australian context
Abstract Objective To enhance understandings of the impact of Tourette Syndrome (TS) on the parents of diagnosed youth. Specifically, the current study aimed to explore and identify the
Adolescents' Perceptions of Their Peers with Tourette's Syndrome: Does A Brief Anti-Stigma Intervention Help?
TLDR
Tic-free adolescents were more willing to embrace diversity within the classroom and rejected previously held notions of ableism, and positive changes were recorded relating to students' awareness, attitudes and behavioural intentions.
Long-Term Follow-up of an Epidemiologically Defined Cohort of Patients With Tourette Syndrome
TLDR
The goal of this study was to collect prospective longitudinal information on the development of an epidemiologically defined cohort of patients with Tourette syndrome to improve prognostic understanding of the condition and to specification of an adult phenotype for genetic marker studies.
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome in a cohort of deaf people.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
An international perspective on Tourette syndrome: selected findings from 3500 individuals in 22 countries
TLDR
A multisite, international database of 3500 individuals diagnosed with Tourette syndrome, with wide variation among sites, can be used as the entry point for further research when large samples are studied and generalizability of results is important.
The prevalence of Tourette syndrome in a mainstream school population
TLDR
It is suggested that TS in the community as a whole is more common and milder than those prevalence estimates and descriptions of the disorder based on TS encountered in secondary or tertiary health‐care service settings.
The epidemiology of Tourette's syndrome: a pilot study.
TLDR
A new, precoded, self-report questionnaire was used to collect information on 75 patient members of the Tourette Syndrome Association, indicating that the diagnosis of TS is being made earlier and haloperidol is an effective treatment for many patients.
Hypothesis II: Tourette's syndrome is part of a clinical spectrum that includes normal brain development.
  • R. Kurlan
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Archives of neurology
  • 1994
TLDR
It is proposed that genetic influences are most important in determining the severity of TS along the clinical spectrum but that environmental factors may play a role, and has implications for the understanding of childhood school and behavioral problems and the search for the TS genetic defect.
Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome – Review Article
  • O. Suchowersky
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences / Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
  • 1994
TLDR
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by the presence of motor and vocal tics and investigations have suggested that the cause may be an abnormality either in the dopaminergic or endorphin receptor system within the basal ganglia.
Gilles de la tourette syndrome: Clinical and family study of 50 cases
TLDR
Among the 50 patients with Tourette syndrome there was a high frequency of sleep disturbance, learning disability, self‐destructive behavior, inappropriate sexual activity, and antisocial behavior, and the frequency of side effects caused by haloperidol.
Self-injurious behaviour and the Gilles de la Tourette syndrome: a clinical study and review of the literature.
TLDR
Clinical correlates of self-injury were the severity of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome symptoms and psychopathology, with special reference to obsessionality and hostility.
The Psychopathology of the Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome
TLDR
links between psychopathology and neurological and electroencephalographic abnormalities were minimal and aggression, hostility, and obsessionality were significantly associated with some important features of the Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.
The inheritance of Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome and associated behaviors. Evidence for autosomal dominant transmission.
TLDR
Analysis of segregation analyses in 30 nuclear families provides strong support for the hypothesis that obsessive-compulsive disorder is etiologically related to Tourette's syndrome and chronic tics in these families, and that Tourette’s syndrome is inherited as a highly penetrant, sex-influenced, autosomal dominant trait.
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