β-Blockade and Operative Mortality in Noncardiac Surgery: Harmful or Helpful?

IMPORTANCE The use of perioperative pharmacologic β-blockade in patients at low risk of myocardial ischemic events undergoing noncardiac surgery (NCS) is controversial because of the risk of stroke and hypotension. Published studies have not found a consistent benefit in this cohort. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of perioperative β-blockade on… CONTINUE READING