Étude de la prédation deMegaponera foetens (F.) sur les populations récoltantes de Macrotermitinae dans un ecosystème semi-aride (Kajiado-Kenya)

@article{Lepage2005tudeDL,
  title={{\'E}tude de la pr{\'e}dation deMegaponera foetens (F.) sur les populations r{\'e}coltantes de Macrotermitinae dans un ecosyst{\`e}me semi-aride (Kajiado-Kenya)},
  author={M. G. Lepage},
  journal={Insectes Sociaux},
  year={2005},
  volume={28},
  pages={247-262}
}
  • M. Lepage
  • Published 1 September 1981
  • Biology
  • Insectes Sociaux
ResumeLa prédation deMegaponera fœtens est étudiée durant huit mois (avril-octobre 1978) dans la région de Kajiado (Kenya). Cette espèce de Ponerinæ se nourrit essentiellement de Macrotermitinæ capturés au cours de raids de chasse. la densité des nids est de 3,8/ha et leur population est en moyenne de 1 475 ouvrières. Le cycle de chasse montre trois maximums journaliers (environ 2 raids par colonie). L'aire potentielle de chasse est de 334 m2 et, compte tenu d'une émigration importante, chque… 

L'impact des populations récoltantes deMacrotermes michaelseni (1) (Sjostedt) (Isoptera, Macrotermitinae) dans un écosystème semi-aride (Kajiado-Kenya)

TLDR
The mound builderMacrotermes michaelseni forages in Kenya semi-arid pastures and the seasonal variation presents three peaks per year depends partly on temperature and rainfall but the internal economy plays a decisive role.

Termite raiding by the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla analis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) : behavioural and chemical ecology

TLDR
Olfactometric assays showed that P. analis workers used olfactory cues in their intraspecific chemical communication, with workers responding more to volatiles of termite mounds, and ant raiding behaviour was synchronised with termite prey behaviour, and was influenced by foraging costs, prey defences and rewards.

Behavioural Interactions Between Crematogaster brevispinosa rochai Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Two Nasutitermes Species (Isoptera: Termitidae)

TLDR
A low level of aggressiveness between the two species is revealed that contrasts with the aggressiveness of both C. b.

Behavioral Interactions Between Aphaenogaster rudis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Reticulitermes flavipes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae): The Importance of Physical Barriers

TLDR
Examination of predator–prey interactions between the woodland ant and the eastern subterranean termite suggests that under natural field conditions termites may be less susceptible to attacks by ants when they nest in solid wood, which may offer more structural protection than sand alone.

Behavioral ecology of the neotropical termite-hunting ant Pachycondyla (= Termitopone) marginata: colony founding, group-raiding and migratory patterns

TLDR
It is concluded that P. marginata presents a rudimentary form of the so-called “army ant behavior”, which is highly developed in the subfamilies Dorylinae and Ecitoninae, and the associated high costs of migration are likely to prevent it from evolving a full army ant life pattern.

Prey choice and raiding behaviour of the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla analis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

TLDR
The results indicate that P. analis seems to forage optimally, balancing the costs of energy with prey reward and prey choices were not only influenced by prey abundance, but also by the Costs of foraging, as influences by prey defences, size and foraging behaviour.

Prey choice and raiding behaviour of the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla analis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

TLDR
The results indicate that P. analis seems to forage optimally, balancing the costs of energy with prey reward and prey choices were not only influenced by prey abundance, but also by the Costs of foraging, as influences by prey defences, size and foraging behaviour.

Saving the injured: Rescue behavior in the termite-hunting ant Megaponera analis

TLDR
These results are the first to explore experimentally the adaptive value of this form of rescue behavior focused on injured nestmates in social insects and help to identify evolutionary drivers responsible for this type of behavior to evolve in animals.

Odour-mediated group organisation and coordination in the termite raiding ant Megaponera analis (Mayr).

TLDR
It is concluded that olfactory communication serves as an alternative to visual or sound communication especially during group raids in M. analis when ants are not in direct contact with one another.

Associations of Two Ecologically Significant Social Insect Taxa in the Litter of an Amazonian Rainforest: Is There a Relationship between Ant and Termite Species Richness?

TLDR
The results suggest that multiple ecological factors influence ant andtermite diversity, and that ant predation on termites may have a greater effect than competition between ant and termites for nest sites and food sources.

References

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L'impact des populations récoltantes deMacrotermes michaelseni (Sjöstedt) (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae) dans un écosystème semi-aride (Kajiado-Kenya) II — La nourriture récoltée, comparaison avec les grands herbivores

TLDR
From this work it is possible to understand how Macrotermes could be a pest in these pastures and how termites and large mammals offtakes are similar but they take place at different times of the ecosystem cycle.

L'impact des populations récoltantes deMacrotermes michaelseni (1) (Sjostedt) (Isoptera, Macrotermitinae) dans un écosystème semi-aride (Kajiado-Kenya)

TLDR
The mound builderMacrotermes michaelseni forages in Kenya semi-arid pastures and the seasonal variation presents three peaks per year depends partly on temperature and rainfall but the internal economy plays a decisive role.

Note préliminaire sur les colonnes de chasse deMegaponera fœtens F. (Hyménoptère Formicidæ)

TLDR
Megaponera fœtens is a termitophagusPonerinæ which is hunting in populated columns which chiefly harvest termites, when these are in humus, dead trunks... without ever attacking the earth walls of the nest.

Foraging, recruitment and emigration inMegaponera foetens (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Nigerian Guinea Savanna

TLDR
Regional differences in foraging and recruitment in the species thoughout the African savannas are compared, and it is confirmed that the scout ant also guided the columns of ants to the termites.

Predation by Megaponera foetens (Fabr.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on termites in the Nigerian southern Guinea Savanna

TLDR
It is concluded that factors including termite abundance,termite foraging regimes and seasonality, termite biomass and the reactions of the ants to the termites and their products are involved in successful predation of termites by Megaponera.

Invertebrate predation on termites of the African Savanna

TLDR
Predation by invertebrates was observed on 11 species of termites, primarily Odontotermes latericius exposed while building their chimneys, and both soldiers and workers largely lack the behavioral repertoire to do so and defense is ineffective.

Soldier frontal glands of the termiteMacrotermes subhyalinus: Morphology, chemical composition, and use in defense

TLDR
This secretion appears to impair the healing of wounds in test ants, and thus could represent a valuable supplement to the mechanical defense mechanism.

Daily and seasonal patterns of construction activity byOdontotermes latericius (Isoptera: Termitidae)

TLDR
The pattern of activity within the rainy season varied greatly from colony to colony and year to year, and some colonies did no building during an entire season, and there was never a time when all colonies were active simultaneously.

Behavioural, chemical and ecological interact ions be

  • 1977