`White privilege': A mild critique1

  title={`White privilege': A mild critique1},
  author={Lawrence A. Blum},
  journal={Theory and Research in Education},
  pages={309 - 321}
  • L. Blum
  • Published 1 November 2008
  • Psychology
  • Theory and Research in Education
White privilege analysis has been influential in philosophy of education. I offer some mild criticisms of this largely salutary direction — its inadequate exploration of its own normative foundations, and failure to distinguish between `spared injustice', `unjust enrichment' and `non-injustice-related' privileges; its inadequate exploration of the actual structures of racial disparity in different domains (health, education, wealth); its tendency to deny or downplay differences in the… 
An Epiphany of Privilege: A Critical Examination of Nigrescence, White Privilege, and Critical Pedagogy
This essay explores White privilege in relationship to Black identity development and the education of youth through juxtaposition of the author’s White privilege and his bi-racial son’s
Spaces of privilege
There have been extensive developments in "gay rights" in the past 10 years. This has prompted the contention that some gay white men are increasingly able to access privilege at the expense of
Race and reflexivity
Abstract It is widely recognized that our understanding of the racial order will remain forever unsatisfactory so long as we fail to turn our analytic gaze back upon ourselves, the analysts of racial
The Contentious Field of Whiteness Studies
The field of whiteness studies is relatively young compared to other well-established disciplines, including critical race theory. On its trajectory to carve out a new academic niche, whiteness
“It meant you were in trouble:” White teachers, race, and White shame
ABSTRACT The author relates and develops Thandeka’s notion of White shame to demonstrate how White teachers’ early experiences with race can inhibit White racial identity development and work against
Speaking In Circles: Indigenous Identity and White Privilege
This thesis explores white-seeming privilege, a term developed by the author to describe the specific experience of racial privilege in individuals who look white but primarily identify with a
Whitened rainbows: how white college students protect whiteness through diversity discourses
This qualitative study investigates white students’ attitudes toward campus diversity at a large, multiracial public university. Drawing upon focus group data gathered from a larger campus climate
McIntosh as Synecdoche: How Teacher Education's Focus on White Privilege Undermines Antiracism.
In this article, members of the Midwest Critical Whiteness Collective argue that Peggy McIntosh's seminal “knapsack” article acts as a synecdoche, or as a stand-in, for all the antiracist work to be
Undoing privilege in Western social work: implications for critically-reflective practice in China
Critical reflection is promoted by many Western social work writers as a process for facilitating practitioners' capacity to reflect upon their complicity in dominant power relations. However, the
Audience Matters: Teaching issues of race and racism for a predominantly minority student body
Some of the literature about teaching issues of race and racism in classrooms has addressed matters of audience. Zeus Leonardo, for example, has argued that teachers should use the language of white


In the name of morality: moral responsibility, whiteness and social justice education
This paper argues that the ‘traditional conception of moral responsibility’ authorizes and supports denials of white complicity. First, what is meant by the ‘traditional conception of moral
Common Schools/Uncommon Identities: National Unity and Cultural Difference
One of the most hotly debated issues in contemporary education concerns the tension between the demands of such groups as blacks, Latinos, gays, women, and the handicapped for a curriculum that
The Failures Of Integration: How Race and Class Are Undermining the American Dream
Published for the fiftieth anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education: If "separate, but equal" has been illegal for fifty years, why is America more segregated than ever?. On May 17, 1954, the
Whiteness and United States History: An Assessment
Scholarly interest in “whiteness,” white racial identity, and the social construction of race in general has grown dramatically over the past decade. ILWCH decided to examine whiteness because we
Whiteness Studies I. The new history of race in America
Whiteness Studies. Over the past two decades, scholars in the social sciences and humanities have increasingly focused on « whiteness » as a new way of exploring race and racism in America. These two
The Hidden Cost of Being African American: How Wealth Perpetuates Inequality
Over the past three decades, racial prejudice in America has declined significantly and many African American families have seen a steady rise in employment and annual income. But alongside these
Unequal treatment: confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care.
  • A. Nelson
  • Medicine
    Journal of the National Medical Association
  • 2002
Broad sectors—including healthcare providers, their patients, payors, health plan purchasers, and society at large—should be made aware of the healthcare gap between racial and ethnic groups in the United States.
Unequal Treatment: Con-fronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care
A heating element includes an elongated tubular sheath which confines a resistance wire supported by a thermally conductive electrical insulation material which extends to a position flush with the
On "Glass Snakes," White Moral Responsibility, and Agency Under Complicity
Where do we take our sit-ins when the WHITES ONLY signs come down, when Kresge closes its lunch counter and moves out of town, when power doesn’t live where it used to anymore? What happens when the
Latinos,Asians, and the New Black/NonBlack Divide. Boulder, CO: Lynne Riener. b i og raph i cal note
  • 2003