Corpus ID: 10542635

\Googlearchy": How a Few Heavily-Linked Sites Dominate Politics on the Web

@inproceedings{Hindman2003GooglearchyHA,
  title={\Googlearchy": How a Few Heavily-Linked Sites Dominate Politics on the Web},
  author={Matthew Dean Hindman and Kostas Tsioutsiouliklis and Judy Johnson},
  year={2003}
}
Claims about the Web and politics have commonly confounded two dierent things: retrievability and visibility, the large universe of pages that could theoretically be accessed versus those that citizens are most likely to encounter. While the governing assumption of much previous work has been that retrievability would translate inexorably into visibility, we cast doubt on that claim. Drawing on a large literature in computer science that ties a site’s visibility to the number of inbound… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Invisible Hand of the Unaccountable Algorithm: How Google, Facebook and Other Tech Companies Are Changing Journalism
Across the world both journalists and their audiences now depend on social media and search engines to deliver them news and information. Standing between the individual and the ever-growing volumesExpand
How Web 1.0 fails: the mismatch between hyperlinks and clickstreams
TLDR
It is shown that the mismatch between hyperlinks and clickstreams is indeed substantial and that this mismatch has arisen because webmasters attempt to build a global virtual world without geographical or cultural boundaries, but users in fact prefer to navigate within more fragmented, language-based groups of Web sites. Expand
The egalitarian effect of search engines
TLDR
This work reconciles theoretical arguments with empirical evidence showing that the combination of retrieval by search engines and search behavior by users mitigates the attraction of popular pages, directing more traffic toward less popular sites, even in comparison to what would be expected from users randomly surfing the Web. Expand
Through the Google Goggles: Sociopolitical Bias in Search Engine Design
Search engines like Google are essential to navigating the Web’s endless supply of news, political information, and citizen discourse. The mechanisms and conditions under which search results areExpand
Web Spam, Social Propaganda and the Evolution of Search Engine Rankings
TLDR
Search Engines have greatly influenced the way the authors experience the web since the early days of the web, and they have been evolving ever since, taking over the role that web directories used to play. Expand
Network Manipulation ( with application to Political issues )
We live in an increasingly interconnected world, one in which a growing number of people turn to the web to make important medical, financial and political decisions [1]. As more people use the Web’sExpand
Topical interests and the mitigation of search engine bias
TLDR
A model that accurately predicts traffic data patterns is discussed by taking into consideration the topical interests of users and their searching behavior in addition to the way search engines rank pages, which explains the observed mitigation of search engines’ popularity bias. Expand
Working Paper Explaining and Predicting Web Page Status
The World Wide Web has become a key intermediary between producers and consumers of information. While the producers strive to increase visibility for their products, services, socio-politicalExpand
The influence of search engines on preferential attachment
TLDR
This work claims that the presence of highly popular search engines like Google substantially mediate the act of hyperlink creation by limiting the author's attention to a small set of "celebrity" URLs. Expand
Manipulation among the arbiters of collective intelligence: how wikipedia administrators mold public opinion
TLDR
Neither prior history nor vote counts during an administrator's election can identify those editors most likely to change their behavior in this suspicious manner, and an alternative measure, which gives more weight to influential voters, can successfully reject these suspicious candidates. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
Winners don't take all: Characterizing the competition for links on the web
TLDR
A simple generative model quantifies the degree to which the rich nodes grow richer, and how new (and poorly connected) nodes can compete, and accurately accounts for the true connectivity distributions of category-specific web pages, the web as a whole, and other social networks. Expand
The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine
TLDR
This paper provides an in-depth description of Google, a prototype of a large-scale search engine which makes heavy use of the structure present in hypertext and looks at the problem of how to effectively deal with uncontrolled hypertext collections where anyone can publish anything they want. Expand
Strong regularities in world wide web surfing
TLDR
A model that assumes that users make a sequence of decisions to proceed to another page, continuing as long as the value of the current page exceeds some threshold, yields the probability distribution for the number of pages that a user visits within a given Web site. Expand
Trawling the Web for Emerging Cyber-Communities
TLDR
The subject of this paper is the systematic enumeration of over 100,000 emerging communities from a Web crawl, motivating a graph-theoretic approach to locating such communities, and describing the algorithms and algorithmic engineering necessary to find structures that subscribe to this notion. Expand
The Nature of Markets in the World Wide Web
Much has been said about the possibility that in the information age, ease of entry and global access will lead to market characteristics with few inefficiencies. While several arguments have beenExpand
Internet: Diameter of the World-Wide Web
TLDR
The World-Wide Web becomes a large directed graph whose vertices are documents and whose edges are links that point from one document to another, which determines the web's connectivity and consequently how effectively the authors can locate information on it. Expand
PageRank, HITS and a unified framework for link analysis
TLDR
This work proves that rankings produced by PageRank and HITS are both highly correlated with the ranking by in-degree and out-degree. Expand
Graph structure in the Web
TLDR
The study of the web as a graph yields valuable insight into web algorithms for crawling, searching and community discovery, and the sociological phenomena which characterize its evolution. Expand
Searching the world wide Web
TLDR
The coverage and recency of the major World Wide Web search engines was analyzed, yielding some surprising results, including a lower bound on the size of the indexable Web of 320 million pages. Expand
A Review of World Wide Web Searching Techniques, Focusing on Hits and Related Algorithms That Utilise the Link Topology of the World Wide Web to Provide the Basis for a Structure Based Search Technology
With the daily addition of in excess of a million documents, the World Wide Web is expanding at a rapid rate. This expansion presents the users, often new to the use of the Web, with a dilemma.Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...