[Treatment of open fractures before Lister and the management of the fatal leg fracture of Admiral Michiel Adriaensz de Ruyter, 1676].


On 22 April 1676, Admiral De Ruyter suffered a fatal open fracture of the right lower leg during the naval battle near the Etna. The fleet doctor, Jan Mannart, and the two ship's surgeons treated the wound with brandy and prescribed rest, but fatal gangrene developed a few days later. Before Lister first reported his technique of antiseptic treatment in… (More)