[Transpulmonary indicator methods in intensive medicine].

  title={[Transpulmonary indicator methods in intensive medicine].},
  author={Tilman von Spiegel and Andreas Hoeft},
  journal={Der Anaesthesist},
  volume={47 3},
The management of critically ill patients often requires an advanced hemodynamic monitoring. Beside pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) the transpulmonary indicator dilution technique (TPID) with arterial registration of the indicator dilution curves is a possible approach to get additional hemodynamic information. Being less invasive, measurements of cardiac output by transpulmonary thermodilution are as reliable as the thermodilution using a PAC… CONTINUE READING