[Robotic-guided techniques in heart surgery].

  title={[Robotic-guided techniques in heart surgery].},
  author={Anno Diegeler and Volkmar Falk and T Walther and R{\"u}diger Autschbach and Friedrich W. Mohr},
  journal={Zeitschrift fur Kardiologie},
  volume={89 Suppl 7},
The rigid design of conventional endoscopic instruments with limited degrees of freedom has not allowed for endoscopic cardiac surgery. Using a surgical telemanipulation system that is operated from a master console, endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral valve repair can be performed with high precision. Closed-chest cardiopulmonary bypass… CONTINUE READING