We reviewed the indications for re-thoracotomy after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. Hemothorax, chylothorax, tracheobronchial injury (fistula), pneumothorax, and pyothorax were the main causes of re-thoracotomy. Indications for emergency thoracotomy were as follows. 1)Hemothorax:bleeding through the chest drain continuing at >100 ml/hour for ≥5 hour… (More)
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