[Metabolic acidosis in children: the usefulness of 'anion gap'].


Metabolic acidosis occurs frequently in small children. The most common causes are hypoxia, sepsis, gastroenteritis and hypovolaemia. Calculation of the anion gap is useful in establishing the cause. An increased anion gap represents unmeasured anions, e.g. lactate in lactic acidosis. Metabolic acidosis was diagnosed in two boys aged one year and six weeks… (More)


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@article{Echten1999MetabolicAI, title={[Metabolic acidosis in children: the usefulness of 'anion gap'].}, author={J E Kist-van Holthe tot Echten and Petra D Maaswinkel-Mooy and H. M. Berger and Albert J. van der Heijden}, journal={Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde}, year={1999}, volume={143 13}, pages={649-51} }