[Intraoperative awareness in balanced anesthesia. A literature review based on a randomized double blind study using fentanyl, pentazocine and ketamine].


Since the first case report by Winter-bottom [106], the problem of intraoperative awareness or recall has received increasing attention from patients, anaesthesiologists and, more recently, even law courts [4, 20, 21, 78]. Our own interest in awareness derives from a study with the opiate agonist tramadol as a supplement to balanced anaesthesia, which… (More)


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