[Hypercalcemia, leukemoid reaction, and thrombocytosis as paraneoplastic presentation of transitional cell carcinoma of the kidney].


The most common etiologies of hypercalcemia are hyperparathyroidism or malignancy, most often of the lung, breast or hematological system, but rarely occur in transitional cell carcinoma. The appearance of this metabolic disorder and other paraneoplastic signs like leukemoid reaction or thrombocytosis is a potential marker for malignant behaviour and poor… (More)


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