[Gender differences in schizophrenia].

  title={[Gender differences in schizophrenia].},
  author={M. Plocka and Janusz K. Rybakowski},
  journal={Psychiatria polska},
  volume={26 5},
The authors conclude that most male schizophrenic patients display poorer premorbid functioning during the early stages of the illness. They more often display structural micro-abnormalities of the brain, organic deficits, are more chronic and have poor prognosis. Female patients are more often burdened with genetic factors, more often express productive and affective symptomatology, are more sensitive to neuroleptics and the course of their illness is more satisfactory. 


Both at inclusion and follow up, males had more of nuclear syndrome, but largely the differences were not statistically significant, especially in the males.

The neurodevelopmental basis of sex differences in schizophrenia

Much of the contemporary confusion about schizophrenia results from the conflation of two separate disorders, one commonest in young males and the other in older females.

Influence of gender in schizophrenia as related to other psychopathological syndromes.

It is argued that these differential characteristics derive from the differential hemispheric organization of the male and female brain--which also determines the male susceptibility to other psychopathological syndromes such as psychopathy and sexual deviations as well as the excess in women of schizoaffective states, affective disorders, and late-onset schizophrenia.

Schizophrénie: différences selon le sexe*

This literature review focuses on the main differences in schizophrenia according to gender. The data are presented as follows: epidemiological data (incidence and age at onset of the illness); data

Sex differences in schizophrenia as seen in the Rorschach test

It was concluded that the Rorschach might add information in differentiating among subtle thought disturbances and might even be useful to detect relationships between thought processes and neuroleptic medication.

Sex differences in schizophrenia: A review

  • Sami Räsänen, Antti Pakaslahti, Erkka Syvälahti, P
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 2000
In the future it is important to study factors that have been observed in sex differences, heredity, and brain physiology as they relate to schizophrenia.

Gender differences in first episode psychosis

The gender differences demonstrated in the study suggest gender specific treatment interventions in order to provide optimal treatment for both male and female patients.

Gender differences in age at onset of Schizophrenia

A review of the literature concerning gender differences in age at the onset of schizophrenia looked for evidence for the existence of local or temporal variations in the degree of gender difference by means of a metaanalytic approach.

The course of schizophrenia in the light of modern follow-up studies: the ABC and WHO studies

Although great variation in outcome between the patients is to be observed at each cross-section, the medium and long-term symptom-related course of schizophrenia shows a high degree of stability at the individual level.

Neurobiological aspects of psychosis and gender.

  • P. Pregelj
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychiatria Danubina
  • 2009
Recent data support the epigenetic theory of major psychosis and suggest that DNA-methylation changes are important to the etiology of psychosis in a gender specific pattern.