[From gene to disease; mutations in the SLC12A3 gene as the cause of Gitelman's syndrome].

Abstract

Gitelman's syndrome is characterised by persistent hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia and hypocalciuria (OMIM 263800). This rare autosomal recessive disorder is caused by renal Na+, Cl-, K+ and Mg2+ wasting. Other typical features include hypocalciuria and an intact renal concentrating ability. Gitelman's syndrome is caused by mutations in the SLC12A3 gene… (More)

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