[First onset of panic disorder and agoraphobia induced by a series of inappropriate shocks of an implanted cardioverter/defibrillator].


We report on a 61-year-old patient with an implanted defibrillator due to malignant arrhythmia after myocardial infarction. After several years of appropriate function, the patient suffered a cluster of 16 shocks due to a defect in the defibrillator. Soon the patient developed a panic disorder with agoraphobia which was successfully treated with cognitive… (More)


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