[FMRP immunodetection on hair roots: application to the diagnosis of fragile X syndrome].


INTRODUCTION Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. The absence of FMRP protein, codified by the FMR1 gene, results in fragile X phenotype. DNA-based diagnostic methods determine the length of the CGG repeat within the FMR1 gene, the main mutation causing the syndrome. Immunohistochemical diagnostic tests detect all… (More)