[Die Republik gegen das Kollektiv: Zwei Geschichten von Kollaboration und Konkurrenz in der modernen Wissenschaft].

  title={[Die Republik gegen das Kollektiv: Zwei Geschichten von Kollaboration und Konkurrenz in der modernen Wissenschaft].},
  author={Mary Jo Nye},
  volume={24 2},
  • M. J. Nye
  • Published 2 May 2016
  • Philosophy, Medicine, History
  • NTM
Kollaboration und Konkurrenz gibt es in der Wissenschaft zwischen Individuen oder verschiedenen Gruppen, groseren Organisationen, Schauplatzen und Nationalstaaten. Die Spannung zwischen individuellem Ansehen und Gruppenmeriten oder individuellem Ehrgeiz und Gruppenleistung ist der wissenschaftlichen Arbeit inharent und tragt zu ihrem Erfolg bei. Die Autorin vergleicht zwei soziale Modelle der Wissenschaft, die entwickelt wurden, als Wissenschaftler im 20. Jahrhundert zunehmend begannen… Expand
Different Modes of Competition? Early Modern Universities and Their Rivalries
ZusammenfassungAusgehend von den Konkurrenzbegriffen Niklas Luhmanns und Georg Simmels untersucht der Artikel, inwieweit sich Konkurrenzverhältnisse an frühneuzeitlichen Universitäten in denExpand
Shifting Trends in Modern Physics, Nobel Recognition, and the Histories That We Write
  • M. Nye
  • Physics in Perspective
  • 2019
Since the late-nineteenth century, scientists have been labeled with disciplinary fields and scientific achievements have been identified largely with heroic individuals. Reward systems such as theExpand
Collaboration and Competition: The Twofold Logic of Science Diplomacy
From an attentive reading of the practitioner-driven literature, this essay questions the reasons why the dominant discourse on science diplomacy highlights practices based on internationalExpand


Gestalt – Ritus – Kollektiv
Ludwik Flecks Theorie des Denkstils und Denkkollektivs zahlt heute zu den einflussreichsten Konzeptionen der Wissenschaftsforschung, Wissenssoziologie und historischen Epistemologie. Lange ZeitExpand
Perception, knowledge and freedom in the age of extremes: on the historical epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi
This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and bothExpand
Linus Pauling, Roger Hayward und der Wert von Sichtbarmachungen†
  • Ina Heumann
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte
  • 2013
This article focuses on the cooperation between Pauling and Roger Hayward, an architect by profession who came to scientific illustration in the late 1920s and describes the workflow between scientist and illustrator. Expand
Mine, Thine, and Ours: Collaboration and Co-Authorship in the Material Culture of the Mid-Twentieth Century Chemical Laboratory
  • M. Nye
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Ambix
  • 2014
Three research leaders in the cross-disciplinary and cutting edge field of X-ray crystallography and molecular structure are the focus of this historical study within a framework of sociological literature on different collaborative patterns followed by eminent scientists. Expand
Microbiology and Philosophy of Science, LwÓw and the German Holocaust: Stations of a Life — Ludwik Fleck 1896–1961
Ludwik Fleck was born in Lwow on July 11, 1896. His father Maurycy ran a middle class painting establishment there. Fleck grew up in the atmosphere of the relatively extensive cultural autonomy ofExpand
“… the art of shaping a democratic reality and being directed by it …”—philososophy of science in turbulent times
This article has three objectives: First, it revises the history of the reception of Ludwik Fleck’s monograph Entstehung und Entwicklung einer wissenschaftlichen Tatsache (1935, Genesis andExpand
An Autobiographical Sketch
  • F. Schiller
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 2003
It was not until my second year in medical school, or after my premed training, that I became firmly and finally convinced I was not cut out to be either an actor or a poet. Expand
Ludwik Fleck and the Historical Interpretation of Science
This statement, taken from Ludwik Fleck’s classic book of 1935, might be read as the guiding slogan of his whole enterprise. If the theory of knowledge is to bear fruit, he tells us, it must not beExpand
Studies in scientific collaboration
This essay presents and develops the first comprehensive theory of scientific collaboration: collaborative scientific research originated, developed, and continues to be practiced as a response to the professionalization of science. Expand
Medicine and thought-styles: on the 50th anniversary of the death of Ludwik Fleck (1896-1961).
l ast year, 2011, marked the 50th anniversary of the death of Ludwik Fleck, a physician, microbiologist [1] and a passionate philosopher of medicine [Figure 1]. Fleck suffered many of theExpand