• Corpus ID: 22725366

[Detection of chloropyridinyl neonicotinoid insecticide metabolite 6-chloronicotinic acid in the urine: six cases with subacute nicotinic symptoms].

@article{Taira2011DetectionOC,
  title={[Detection of chloropyridinyl neonicotinoid insecticide metabolite 6-chloronicotinic acid in the urine: six cases with subacute nicotinic symptoms].},
  author={Kumiko Taira and Yoshiko Aoyama and Tomonori Kawakami and Motoyuki Kamata and Toru Aoi},
  journal={Chudoku kenkyu : Chudoku Kenkyukai jun kikanshi = The Japanese journal of toxicology},
  year={2011},
  volume={24 3},
  pages={
          222-30
        }
}
  • K. TairaY. Aoyama T. Aoi
  • Published 1 September 2011
  • Medicine
  • Chudoku kenkyu : Chudoku Kenkyukai jun kikanshi = The Japanese journal of toxicology
Neonicotinoid is a recently developed insecticide with worldwide use that has been increasing. It acts as a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist. Chloropyridinyl neonicotinoid is a subgroup of neonicotinoid, and are commercially available as imidacloprid, nitenpyram, acetamiprid, and thiacloprid. The maximum residue limits of acetamiprid for fruits and tea leaves are high in Japan, e.g. 5 ppm for grapes and 30 ppm for tea leaves. 6-chloronicotinic acid (6 CNA) is a common metabolite in… 

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