[Clinical outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy and recurrence of stones].


A total of 178 renal units in 173 patients with renal and upper ureteral calculi were treated by percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL) between November 1984 and October 1995. PNL was performed as a monotherapy in 70 kidneys, while extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) was combined in 108 kidneys. At the time discharged 110 (61.8%) kidneys were stone… (More)


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