[Chronic pain. Epidemiology and management in Germany].

  title={[Chronic pain. Epidemiology and management in Germany].},
  author={Manfred Zimmermann},
  journal={Der Orthopade},
  volume={33 5},
At least 5 million patients with chronic and severely debilitating pain exist among the adult population in Germany, i.e. 8% of this population. Various biological and psychosocial risk factors contribute to the continuing chronicity of pain, resulting in enormous direct and indirect costs totalling an estimated 38 billion euro annually. The introduction of a medical specialty for pain treatment in 1998 has not appreciably affected the quality of outpatient pain management. In contrast, more… CONTINUE READING

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