[Cancer of the middle third of the rectum].

Abstract

Anterior resection and abdominoperineal resection are standard procedures to treat cancer in the upper and the lower third of the rectum, respectively. The area of interest today is the middle third of the rectum, i.e. the part 7.5-12 cm above the anal verge. Surgical therapy is mainly based on prognostic tumor factors and preoperative staging. The degree… (More)

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