: From inference to reasoning: The construction of rationality

  title={: From inference to reasoning: The construction of rationality},
  author={David Moshman},
  journal={Thinking \& Reasoning},
  pages={221 - 239}
  • D. Moshman
  • Published 1 May 2004
  • Philosophy
  • Thinking & Reasoning
Inference is elementary and ubiquitous: Cognition always goes beyond the data. Thinking—including problem solving, decision making, judgement, planning, and argumentation—is here defined as the deliberate application and coordination of one's inferences to serve one's purposes. Reasoning, in turn, is epistemologically self-constrained thinking in which the application and coordination of inferences is guided by a metacognitive commitment to what are deemed to be justifiable inferential norms… 
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