"Wolf-in-Sheep's-Clothing" Strategy of a Predaceous Insect Larva

  title={"Wolf-in-Sheep's-Clothing" Strategy of a Predaceous Insect Larva},
  author={Thomas Eisner and Karen Hicks and Maria Eisner and D. S. Robson},
  pages={790 - 794}
The larva of the green lacewing Chrysopa slossonae lives in colonies of the wooly alder aphid Prociphilus tesselatus upon which it feeds. It disguises itself as its prey by plucking some of the waxy "wool" from the bodies of the aphids and applying this material to its own back. The investiture protects it from assault by the ants that ordinarily "shepherd" the aphids. Larvae artifically denuded are seized by the ants and removed from the aphid colonies. A larva requires on the average less… 

Wax of a whitefly and its utilization by a chrysopid larva

The chemical nature of the wax of a North American whitefly is reported on, and on the use that one of its predators makes of this wax.

Behavioral and morphological adaptations of the coccinellid,Platynaspis luteorubra for exploiting ant-attended resources (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

  • W. Völkl
  • Biology
    Journal of Insect Behavior
  • 2005
Fourth-instar larvae foraging in ant-attended aphid colonies had a higher success rate in capturing large prey items and benefitted from this by higher adult weights.

Wax Structures of Scymnus louisianae Attenuate Aggression from Aphid-Tending Ants

ABSTRACT The cuticular wax structures of Scymnus louisianae J. Chapin larvae were investigated as a defense against ant aggression by Lasius neoniger Emery. The presence of wax structures provided

Chemical defense against predation in an insect egg.

Each cluster in nature can be expected to range widely in palatability, so to check each cluster for acceptability must be adaptive for the larva, just as it must be adapted for Utetheisa to lay its eggs in large clusters and to apportion alkaloid evenly among eggs of a cluster.

Bait-and-capture strategy of a termite-eating assassin bug

SummarySalyavata variegata is a Reduviidæ found on the carton nests ofNasutitermes corniger in Costa Rican rain forests. Nymphs capture termite workers at repair sites after attracting them into

Mimicry of Host Cuticular Hydrocarbons by Salticid Spider Cosmophasis bitaeniata That Preys on Larvae of Tree Ants Oecophylla smaragdina

Gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry data indicate that the qualitative chemical mimicry of ants by C. bitaeniata allows the spiders to avoid detection by major workers of O. smaragdina.

Eggs of Mallada desjardinsi (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) are Protected by Ants: the Role of Egg Stalks in Ant-Tended Aphid Colonies

It is suggested that egg stalks provide protection from ants but not from C. nipponensis larvae, which indicates that M. desjardinsi eggs are indirectly protected from predators by ants in ant-tended aphid colonies.

Wax covers in larvae of two Scymnus species: do they enhance coccinellid larval survival?

It is concluded that both Scymnus species benefit from the ability to feed in ant-attended aphid colonies by a reduced predation risk, and its importance for the distribution of both species in the field.

A review and a model of decorating behavior in spider crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura, Majidae)

A model of the level of decoration is presented, from none at all to complete coverage of the dorsal surface, and important factors that affect the level are the evolutionary state, habitat, size, feeding and particularly the predators of the species of spider crab.

Prey Specificity in Chrysopa: An Interspecific Comparison of Larval Feeding and Defensive Behavior

To examine pathways in the evolution of prey specialization in insects, we conducted a comparative experimental analysis of larval behavior in two sympatric pre- dacious sister-species (Chrysopa



Larval Characteristics and Taxonomic Position of the Lacewing Genus Suarius

The 3 larval instars of S. (Prochrysopa) apache (Banks), yuma (B Banks), and a definition of the subgenus ProChrysopa based on larval characteristics is proposed, and the degree and type of specialization support the placement of Proch Chrysopa among the more highly evolved forms of theSubfamily Chrysopinae.

Mutualism Between Ants and Honeydew-Producing Homoptera

In this review, the term "mutualism" is defined as an association between ants and other insects which is mutually beneficial without neces­ sarily implying obligate dependence or interdependence.

A Monograph of the British Neuroptera

THIS volume completes the author's account of A the British Neuroptera. It is in every way up to the standard of volume 1, which was published in 1936 and has already been noticed in these columns.

] but no details are given about its morphology or behavior. Its given identification (Chrysopa quadripunctata) remains open to question

  • A chrysopid larva has been listed as an enemy of Prociphilus tesselatus
  • 1912

Consumption time of individual newborn aphids averaged 4.72 + 0.75 minutes for six 2nd and

    Killington, A Monograph of the British Neuroptera (Ray Society, London, 1936-1937)

    • AMem. Cornell Agric. Exp. Stat
    • 1922

    Duration of the plucking procedure

      The technique used for voltage clamp was similar to that described by A. Takeuchi and N. References and Notes