"We Wanted Our Coffee Black": Public Enemy, Improvisation, and Noise

  title={"We Wanted Our Coffee Black": Public Enemy, Improvisation, and Noise},
  author={Niel Scobie},
In Music and Discourse, Jean-Jacques Nattiez theorizes that noise is not only subjective, its definition, and that of music itself, is culturally specific: “There is never a singular, culturally dominant conception of music; rather, we see a whole spectrum of conceptions, from those of the entire society to those of a single individual” (43). Noise in this context is therefore most often positioned as the result of music that runs contrary to an established set of rules. However subjective the… 



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