"State Feminism" and Women's Movements: The Impact of Chile's Servicio Nacional de la Mujer on Women's Activism

  title={"State Feminism" and Women's Movements: The Impact of Chile's Servicio Nacional de la Mujer on Women's Activism},
  author={Susan Franceschet},
  journal={Latin American Research Review},
  pages={40 - 9}
  • S. Franceschet
  • Published 3 April 2003
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • Latin American Research Review
Much of the literature on Latin American women's movements finds that movements have grown weaker since transitions to democracy in part because of the "institutionalization" of gender policy within states. This article advances an alternative argument drawing on evidence from the Chilean case. Using a historical institutionalist approach and the framework of state feminism, I outline the way Chile's Servicio Nacional de la Mujer (SERNAM) has altered the institutional context in which women's… 
Feminismo de Estado en la Argentina democrática (1983-2021): ¿modelo aspiracional o realidad institucional?
With the return of democracy in 1983 until 2021, the women’s policy agency in Argentina shows a non-linear institutional trajectory. Using a typology of agencies proposed by the theory of State
En-gendering the Police: Women's Police Stations and Feminism in Sao Paulo
This article contributes to feminist state theory and studies of women's police stations in Latin America by examining the processes shaping the multiple and changing positions of explicit alliance,
The Rules of the Game:Feminist Policymaking in Chile
How can we make sense of the conflicting characterizations of the state of women's rights in Chile? In this article, I analyze the progress Chilean women have made since the transition to democracy
Women’s policy agencies and government ideology: the divergent trajectories of Argentina and Brazil, 2003–2019
ABSTRACT This article examines the institutional evolution of women’s policy agencies (WPAs) in Argentina and Brazil over a 15-year period. By using a classification of WPA institutional types
Explaining Social Movement Outcomes
This article compares the outcomes of first- and second-wave feminism in Chile. The author argues that the double-militancy strategy of second-wave feminists emerged out of shifts in the political
Silence, Fear and Desire: Why Chile doesn't have a gender equity policy in education, and some lessons for Australia 1
The objective of this paper is to explore three levels of explanations for the absence of gender equity in the Chilean national educational policy since the recovery of democracy in 1990. The
Women’s Policy Agencies and State Feminism
When a government creates a Ministry for Women’s Affairs, a Commission on Gender Equality, or a Bureau for Women and Work, it could be an act of subversion against male-dominated politics: a
Feminist Activism in Latin America
Feminism has a variety of meanings. According to Nikki Craske, despite the often-heated debates about the meaning of feminism, most would likely concur with Rosalind Delmar’s assessment that feminism
Women's Mobilization and Gender Outcomes in Transitions to Democracy
This article explores the conditions under which women's mobilizations during transitions to democracy can achieve some of their aims. It broadens the comparative analysis of gender and transitions
Developing Countries and New Democracies Matter: An Overview of Research on State Feminism Worldwide
Since the 1970s, institutions with the explicit purpose of advancing women's rights and status have been established in an overwhelming majority of countries. In political science research, these


Women in Movement : Feminism and Social Action
"Women in Movement" is an historical introduction to a wide range of women's movements from the late-18th century to the present. It describes economic, social and political ideas that have inspired
Women and politics in Latin America
This book provides a comprehensive view of women's political participation in Latin America. Focusing on the latter half of the twentieth century, it examines five different arenas of action and
Expanding Women's Citizenship?
The incorporation of women’s interests into the state has been the subject of much feminist research on Southern Cone countries (see, among others, Alvarez, 1990; Franceschet, 2001; Schild, 1998;
Advocating feminism: The Latin American Feminist NGO 'Boom'
Latin American feminist NGOs have played a critical role in 'advocating feminism' by advancing a progressive policy agenda while simultaneously articulating vital linkages among larger women's
Beyond compare? Women's movements in comparative perspective
This article reviews a selected range of comparativepolitical research on women's movements, a subfield ofpolitical science whose recent proliferation nowpositions it at the leading edge of women and
The Women's Movement in Latin America: Feminism and the Transition to Democracy
Women's movements and gender politics in the Brazilian transition, Sonia E. Alvarez the challenge of constructing civil peace - women and democracy in Argentina, Maria del Carmen Feijoo putting
Localities of Power: Gender, Parties and Democracy in Chile and Brazil
What is the relationship between democracy and the empowerment of women in society? How does democratisation as a political process interact with other political and economic processes, such as
Gender, Politics and the State
Over the last two decades our understanding of the relationship of gender, politics and the state has been transformed almost beyond recognition by the mutual interrogation of feminism and political
Getting Institutions Right for Women in Development
Part I Accountability to women - theoretical perspectives: getting representation right for women in development - accountability, consent, and the articulation of women's interests, Katherine
Gender and democratic politics: a comparative analysis of consolidation in Argentina and Chile
This article highlights a number of themes useful in the gendered analysis of democratic consolidation in Latin America by means of a comparative analysis of Argentina and Chile. It starts from the