"Science Citation Index"--A New Dimension in Indexing.

  title={"Science Citation Index"--A New Dimension in Indexing.},
  author={Eugene Garfield},
  volume={144 3619},
ing Services Recently Bennett (47) has reiterated my earlier recommendation that an index to the abstracts in specialty journals and to abstracts prepared by the smaller abstracting services be compiled (21). Frequently these are abstracts which include criticism. As such, they constitute original publications. Every author should know of such critical abstracts of his papers. In literature searches, abstracts may serve in lieu of the original articles, particularly when the original article is… 


Citation indexing is primarily interested in bibliographic coupling and will therefore only discuss Kessler's work as it becomes immediately relevant to this subject.

New Tools for Improving and Evaluating The Effectiveness of Research

The availability of these services now makes practicable several techniques, highly valuable in helping to assist projects from initial conception of an idea through utilization of the results after publication, and these techniques also provide new facta for use in evaluating the work of individuals and organizations.

A Century of Citation Indexing

It has been 60 years since I began my career in information science. Since that time there have been huge changes in technology that are reflected in the way that scientific and scholarly information

Commentary: Fifty years of citation indexing

I was surprised to be asked to write commentaries on my 1955 paper in Science, and must point out that it is not my most cited work, which is in fact my 1979 book Citation Indexing.

Citation Indexing and Evaluation of Scientific Papers

An increased awareness of the usefulness of citation indexing as a tool for retrieval and evaluation will make this aspect of refereeing more important, and what now passes for minor carelessness or discourtesy could easily come to be regarded as serious malpractice.

From Citation Indexes to Informetrics: Is the Tail Now Wagging the Dog ?

This article provides a synoptic review and history of citation indexes and their evolution into research evaluation tools including a discussion of the use of bibliometric data for evaluating U.S.

Citation searching and bibliographic coupling with remote on-line computer access

Whether a citation index can be used effectively by re mote access to a co mputer·stored file, and how this process compares with conve ntional use in a library is determined.

Effects of Unpopular Citation Fields in Citation Matching Performance

It is proposed that there is always the best combination of citation record fields that helps increase citation matching performance and is applicable regardless of which research framework one may adopt, such as Machine Learning methods or Information Retrieval algorithms.

Exploiting citation overlaps for Information Retrieval: Generating a boomerang effect from the network of scientific papers

Results show that a very large amount of documents can be retrieved by the proposed citation search strategy, and that these may be segmented in a number of distinct "overlap levels".

As we may search : Comparison of major features of the Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar citation-based and citation-enhanced databases

It is quite telling that (based on data from the 1945– 2005 edition of WoS) the article of Bush gathered almost 90% of all its 712 citations in WoS between 1975 and 2005, peaking in 1999 with 45 citations in that year alone.



Citation indexes for science.

The suggestion in regard to literature indexing would be to continue and expand the sort of skilled, discriminating indexing that is found in the Armed Forces Medical Library's Current List of Medical Literature and in Chemical Abstracts, publications that are excellent despite their limited budgets.

Associative Document Retrieval Techniques Using Bibliographic Information

It is suggested in this study that bibliographic citations may provide a simple means for obtaining associated documents to be incorporated in an automatic documentation system.

Compilation of an experimental citation index from scientific literature

Several forms of citation index were compiled with the aid of punched card techniques from 11,000 citations appearing in a coherent body of scientific literature which contained more than 740 citing

Information Theory and Other Quantitative Factors in Code Design for Document Card Systems

In the past ten years, the field of information retrieval has witnessed the development of many new systems, devices, and theories. In particular, two opposing “schools” of thought on card indexing


The Research Department judged it to be of sufficient importance to justify a limited investigation to establish the facts.

Bibliographic coupling between scientific papers

The population of papers under study was ordered into groups that satisfy the stated criterion of interrelation and an examination of the papers that constitute the groups shows a high degree of logical correlation.

Multiple Authorship Trends in Scientific Papers

Since 1946 biomedical writers have shown no marked trend toward multiple authorship; the average number of authors per paper remains steady at about 2.3. This is in strong contrast tothe conclusion

Technical information flow patterns

A study of the bibliographies of a large number of articles in physics and electrical engineering indicates that definite patterns exist for the flow of technical information and discloses that extreme asymmetry exists between journals in their capacity as carriers of scientific information.

Information Storage Requirements for the Contents of the World's Libraries

Three calculations of the number of different things stored in the world's libraries yield estimates from 7.5 x 107 to 7.7 x 108, and the information capacity used for storage is between 4.6 x 1014 and 4.

A new reagent for detection of peptides, nucleotides, and other N-H-containing compounds on paper chromatograms.

These authors demonstrated that the Rydon and Smith technique is superior to the ninhydrin technique for the detection of cyclic peptides, acylated peptides and amino acids, proteins, and high molecular weight peptides.