"New" And "Old" Civil Wars: A Valid Distinction?

@article{Kalyvas2001NewA,
  title={"New" And "Old" Civil Wars: A Valid Distinction?},
  author={Stathis N. Kalyvas},
  journal={World Politics},
  year={2001},
  volume={54},
  pages={118 - 99}
}
  • S. Kalyvas
  • Published 1 October 2001
  • History
  • World Politics
This article questions the prevalent argument that civil wars have fundamentally changed since the end of the cold war. According to this argument, "new" civil wars are different from "old" civil wars along at least three related dimensions--they are caused and motivated by private predation rather than collective grievances and ideological concerns; the parties to these conflicts lack popular support and must rely on coercion; and gratuitous, barbaric violence is dispensed against civilian… 

Tables from this paper

Deconstructing civil wars
The identification of intra-national armed conflict as a leading problem for the international community in the 1990s produced a wave of novel research into civil wars. Though these new civil war
The Conception of the “New Wars”: a Question of Validity
Abstract This article analyses the concept of the “new wars”, especially the claim of its authors that conventional interstate war is no longer viable, as the nature of organized violence has changed
In Defence of New Wars
This article reviews the literature on ‘new wars’. It argues that ‘new wars’ should be understood not as an empirical category but rather as a way of elucidating the logic of contemporary war that
Are ‘New Wars’ More Atrocious? Battle Severity, Civilians Killed and Forced Migration Before and After the End of the Cold War
It is widely believed that the human impact of civil conflict in the present era is especially destructive. Proponents of the ‘new wars’ thesis hold that today’s conflicts are fuelled by exclusive
Reading Schmitt against Schmitt in the Context of the "New Wars" Debate
This article argues that the concept of new wars represents the ontological fear of the unfamiliar other after the end of the Cold War. While reviewing Carl Schmitt’s arguments in the Theory of
The asymmetric war discourse and its moral economies: a critique
  • Y. Winter
  • Political Science
    International Theory
  • 2011
Contemporary military conflicts are frequently referred to as ‘new’, ‘irregular’, or ‘asymmetric’, labels that are meant to distinguish contemporary conflict formations from previous ones. Yet the
The New Wars? The Cognitive Turn and Its Implications.
The “New Wars” Debate Since some armed conflicts newly occurred during the 1990s, the word “new wars” becomes fashionable (Gray, 1997; Kaldor, 2006(1998); Snow, 1996). After September 11 incident,
Taking place: "new wars" versus global wars
We are told we are living in an age of globalisation; that in this age we are bedevilled by 'new wars' and that to combat such wars we should impose 'benign imperialism'. The 'new wars' standpoint is
New Wars in Numbers : an empirical test of the ‘ new war ’ thesis
This paper investigates to what extent the ‘New War’ thesis put forward by Mary Kaldor (2006) is supported by empirical evidence. The ‘New War’ thesis maintains that since the Second World War, and
Civil Wars and State Formation: Violence and the Politics of Legitimacy in Angola, Côte d'Ivoire and South Sudan
Dominant narratives and theories developed at the turn of the 21st century to account for civil wars in Africa converged around two main ideas. First that the increase in civil wars across Africa was
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 96 REFERENCES
New and Old Wars : Organized Violence in a Global Era
Mary Kaldor's New and Old Wars has fundamentally changed the way both scholars and policy-makers understand contemporary war and conflict. In the context of globalization, this path-breaking book has
Partition as a Solution to Ethnic War: An Empirical Critique of the Theoretical Literature
Theorists of ethnic conflict have argued that the physical separation of warring ethnic groups may be the only possible solution to civil war. They argue that without territorial partition and, if
Internal war: causes and cures.
Since the end of the cold war internal conflicts have received unprecedented attention. Of special interest has been the effort of neorealists to employ an approach traditionally used to explain
WANTON AND SENSELESS?
I use a rationalist framework to explore an issue typically framed and understood as irrational: large-scale violence against civilians in the context of civil wars. More specifically, I focus on the
Liberia 1989-1994 : a study of ethnic and spiritual violence
This article deals with the civil war which broke out in Liberia on 24 December 1989, when 100 or more fighters claiming allegiance to the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), led by Charles
The Banality of Ethnic War
  • J. Mueller
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 2000
In this article I assess the violence that took place in the former Yugoslavia and in Rwanda in the 1990s and argue that the whole concept of “ethnic warfare” may be severely misguided. Speciacally,
The Culture of Civil War in Kyoto
How do ordinary people respond to prolonged terror? The convulsion of Japan's "Warring States" period between 1467 and 1568 destroyed the medieval order and exposed the framework of an early modern
Contemporary war: Ethnic conflict, resource conflict or something else?
Contemporary war has been described as conflict between ethnic groups or concerned with control over resources and personal wealth. Although useful, the labels of ethnic war and resource conflict
The Hidden War: A Russian Journalist's Account of the Soviet War in Afghanistan
Until his death in 2000, Artyom Borovik was considered one of the preeminent journalists in Russia. With "The Hidden War" he provided the world its first glimpse inside the Soviet military machine,
...
...