"Mulata, Hija de Negro y India": Afro-Indigenous Mulatos in Early Colonial Mexico

@article{Schwaller2011MulataHD,
  title={"Mulata, Hija de Negro y India": Afro-Indigenous Mulatos in Early Colonial Mexico},
  author={Robert C. Schwaller},
  journal={Journal of Social History},
  year={2011},
  volume={44},
  pages={889 - 914}
}
Since the fifteenth century, the term "mulato" has been used to describe individuals of mixed African and European ancestry. Through an examination of mulatos from sixteenth century New Spain this piece complicates our understanding of the usage and implication of this socio-racial ascription. Both demographic and anecdotal evidence suggests that in the early colonial period mulato frequently described individuals of mixed African-indigenous ancestry. Moreover, these individuals may have… 

Una ventana al mestizaje: el matrimonio de los indios en el Arzobispado de México, 1660-1686

Despite the Crown’s desires to organize the society of the Indies into two separate Republics –that of the Indians and that of the Spaniards- the cohabitation of the different social levels came to

Calidad, Genealogy, and Disputed Free-colored Tributary Status in New Spain

In 1787, a group of Indians from the town of Almoloya, part of Apan in the Intendancy of Mexico, aired their grievances against several prominent local leaders. The petitioners claimed that their

Urban Slavery in Colonial Mexico: Puebla de los Ángeles, 1531-1706

On 14 December 1650, a young black man by the name of Baltazar de los Reyes was sold to an illiterate Spaniard in the city of Puebla de los Ángeles. News of the sale quickly reached the entire

Nombrar e identificar: la denominación de la población de origen africano en Oaxaca durante los siglos XVII y XVIII

This article reflects on processes of mestizaje, construction of identities, and the designations used toname people of African origin in Oaxaca during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Working in the City: An Historical Bioarchaeology of Activity in Urban New Spain

The shifting sociopolitical environment of colonial Mexico City (1521–1821) resulted in a reorganization of labor obligations and opportunities for the city’s inhabitants. Bioarchaeological analysis

INTRODUCTION: Genomics, Race Mixture, and Nation in Latin America

This book presents findings from an interdisciplinary project involving three research teams working in Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. Collaborating closely, the teams carried out indepth research in

The Pleasures of Taxonomy: Casta Paintings, Classification, and Colonialism

Abstract:A new model for thinking about the socioracial categories depicted in casta paintings (remarkable eighteenth-century Spanish American images representing the outcome of “racial mixing”)

Capturing the quotidian: casta paintings and demographic trends in late colonial Mexico

In 1581, Spanish magistrates near Celaya investigated the murder of Andrés Vásquez at the hands of his employer, the infamous Antonio de Espejo. While the case itself centered on the dispute that

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES

Natives, Europeans, and Africans in Sixteenth-Century Santiago de Guatemala

The first century of Spanish colonization in Latin America witnessed the birth of cities that, while secondary to great metropolitan centers such as Mexico City and Lima, became important hubs for

The Mixtecs of Colonial Oaxaca: Ñudzahui History, Sixteenth Through Eighteenth Centuries

This book is a history of the Mixtec Indians of southern Mexico, who in their own language call themselves Tay Nudzahui, "people of the rain place." These people were among the most populous cultural

Christians, Blasphemers, and Witches: Afro-Mexican Ritual Practice in the Seventeenth Century

"The Decline of the Native Population" shows how following the Spanish conquest of New Spain in 1521, among other factors, led to an increased demand for African slaves to add to the labor force and

Black and Part-Black Populations in Colonial Costa Rica: Ethnohistorical Resources and Problems

Unlike many other Latin American countries, Costa Rica imported few African slaves during the colonial period. Nevertheless, a variety of adaptations resulted creating at least four identifiable

Blacks in Colonial Veracruz: Race, Ethnicity and Regional Development

Carroll's book is a solid, welcome addition to the scholarly literature on slavery and society during the colonial period and the Wars of Independence in Mexico and Latin America in general. . . .

Marriage Patterns of Persons of African Descent in a Colonial Mexico City Parish

DTJURING THE THREE CENTURIES OF colonial rule, more than 200,000 African slaves were brought into Mexico.' Historians and social scientists have paid relatively scant attention to the fate of the

A Black Conquistador in Mexico

While the role played by the people of equatorial Africa in the colonization of Latin America is relatively well-known, it is for the most part an impersonal history that emerges from the

Slaves, subjects, and subversives : blacks in colonial Latin America

Almost eleven of the twelve million Africans who survived the trauma of enslavement in Africa and the horrors of the Middle Passage, remade their lives in territories claimed by Spain or Portugal.

The Black Middle: Africans, Mayas, and Spaniards in Colonial Yucatan

Winner of the Conference on Latin American History's 2010 Mexican History Book Prize. The Black Middle is the first full-length study of black African slaves and other people of African descent in

Race and Badge: Free-Colored Soldiers in the Colonial Mexican Militia*

The question of identity has been one of considerable importance to the study of race in Latin America. Particularly for the multitude of racially mixed offspring produced by miscegenation, it has